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Quiz

  1. What does the Greek term aitia mean?
      a. folktale
      b. cause or reason
      c. true myth
      d. ritual practice
  2. Who is the single most important source for classical mythology after Homer?
      a. Herodotus
      b. Ovid
      c. Vergil
      d. Euripides
  3. Who is not a tragic playwright?
      a. Aeschylus
      b. Euripides
      c. Herodotus
      d. Sophocles
  4. Who wrote the Theogony?
      a. Hesiod
      b. Ovid
      c. Homer
      d. Aeschylus
  5. In the psychoanalytic approach to myth, what is the anima?
      a. the life force in each human being
      b. the archetypal concept of the female in the male
      c. the intellectual force in each human being
      d. the archetypal concept of the male in the female
  6. To whom can be attributed an interpretation of myth centered on the spiritual or mystical yearnings of human beings?
      a. Euhemerus
      b. Jane Harrison
      c. J. G. Frazer
      d. Mircea Eliade
  7. Who is responsible for analyzing myth into 31 recurrent motifemes?
      a. Vladimir Propp
      b. Walter Burkert
      c. Claude Lévi-Strauss
      d. Joseph Campbell
  8. What cannot be said about the role of women in Greek society?
      a. They played an important role in religious ritual.
      b. Most women were citizens of their communities
      c. Considering all the sources, women were cloistered, illiterate, and oppressed.
      d. Women received an education pertinent to their future roles in society.
  9. Which statement corresponds most closely to Lévi-Strauss' approach to myth?
      a. Myths have a historical dimension.
      b. Myth enshrines ritual practices.
      c. Myth strives to resolve binary opposites.
      d. Myth arises from the collective unconscious.
  10. To whom is attributed the theory of the archetype?
      a. Freud
      b. Harrison
      c. Graves
      d. Jung
  11. Who attempted to explain myths as charters of social customs?
      a. Max Müller
      b. Jane Harrison
      c. J. G. Frazer
      d. Bronislav Malinowski
  12. Who attempted to explain myth in terms of meteorological or cosmological phenomena?
      a. Max Müller
      b. Jane Harrison
      c. J. G. Frazer
      d. Bronislav Malinowksi
  13. What is the name of an interpretation of myth that sought to rationalize it by claiming that the gods were originally powerful men?
      a. Allegory
      b. Euhemerism
      c. structuralism
      d. psychoanalysis
  14. What is an important element in defining saga or legend?
      a. It must have no relationship to history.
      b. It must contain elements of folktale.
      c. It has a perceptible relationship to history.
      d. It should contain a high moral content.
  15. Which is not a meaning of the Greek word mythos?
      a. speech
      b. tale
      c. story
      d. fiction
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