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Chapter 39

Using Multiple Analyses to Highlight Different Aspects of the Same Tale

Because the various methods of analyzing myths are based on achieving different, specific ends, using more than one method can provide a deeper understanding of the myth and the society that "owns" it. This chapter puts into practice methods of analysis described in detail in earlier chapters: looking for the various aspects of myth (Chapter 1), Campbell's Hero's Quest (Chapter 15), Levi-Strauss' anthropological structuralist analysis (Chapter 22), Jung's psychological analysis (Chapters 33 and 34), and Propp's morphological analysis (Chapters 35 and 36). This chapter presents a historical discussion centering on the significance of Mother Goose and her relationship to fairy tales. In considering the Grimms' "The Goose Girl" and "The Raven" from several perspectives, including psychological, historical, and sociological, you will see that the interplay among these points of view provides a more comprehensive understanding of the stories and their audiences.

As you read, compare the Proppian and Jungian analyses of "The Raven" and the Levi-Straussian and Jungian analyses of Who Framed Roger Rabbit with ideas in the earlier chapters defining these methods of analysis. Look for stories and films in your own repertoire that can be interpreted in similar ways.

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