With a focus on empirical evaluation and practical application, Criminological Theories: Introduction, Evaluation, and Application, Sixth Edition, helps students draw connections between criminological theory and practical applications. In clear, engaging language, authors Ronald L. Akers and Christine S. Sellers explore each principal criminological theory using a three-part analysis: An Introduction presents a succinct exposition of the theory’s central concepts, assertions, and hypotheses. Next, an Evaluation provides a detailed critique of the theory, with an emphasis on empirical validity. Finally, an Application extends the evaluation to determine each theory’s relevance, as well as its potential for controlling and preventing crime and delinquency.


  • All chapters have been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect changes in the development, testing, integration, and application of essential criminological theories

  • Social disorganization and anomie/strain theories have been reorganized and split into two chapters

  • Marxist theories and radical/critical criminology have been broken out into separate chapters

Website Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy
Please send comments or suggestions about this Website to