Bernard Williams: A Critique of Utilitarianism

  1. How does Williams characterize the difference between consequentialist and nonconsequentialist approaches to ethics? Which approach do you find more plausible and why?

  2. What is the thesis of negative responsibility? Does Williams regard it as an advantage or a disadvantage of consequentialism? Do you agree with him? Defend your answer.

  3. What does Williams mean by integrity, and how does he argue for his claim that utilitarianism constitutes an attack on one's integrity? Do you find his argument convincing? Why or why not?

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