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Self-Quiz

  1. Performing an action that directly causes someone to die—what most people think of as “mercy killing”—is called
      a. Passive euthanasia
      b. Voluntary euthanasia
      c. Active euthanasia
      d. Involuntary euthanasia
  2. Passive euthanasia (both voluntary and nonvoluntary) is
      a. Unlawful
      b. Denounced by the medical profession
      c. Legally equivalent to physician-assisted suicide
      d. Legal
  3. The definition of death that has become the standard in legal and medical matters is called
      a. The higher brain theory
      b. The whole brain view
      c. The traditional view
      d. The mind–body theory
  4. The strongest argument offered to support active voluntary euthanasia is derived from
      a. The principle of justice
      b. Theological considerations
      c. The principle of autonomy
      d. Paternalism
  5. Those who oppose euthanasia often draw a sharp distinction between
      a. Autonomy and paternalism
      b. Beneficence and nonmaleficence
      c. Killing and letting die
      d. Mercy and negligence
  6. The American Medical Association has denounced physician-assisted suicide as unethical and inconsistent with physicians’ duty to promote healing and preserve life.
      a. True
      b. False
  7. Some argue against active voluntary euthanasia by advancing a distinction between intending someone’s death and not intending but foreseeing it.
      a. True
      b. False
  8. Slippery slope arguments are seldom used in debates about euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide.
      a. True
      b. False
  9. The mere possibility of abuses arising from allowing euthanasia or assisted suicide is in itself a good reason to ban the practices.
      a. True
      b. False
  10. Most ethicists agree that the horrific suffering of dying patients can always be relieved without resort to lethal means.
      a. True
      b. False
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