Discussion Questions

  1. Explain the "warrant clause" and the "reasonableness clause" of the Fourth Amendment.

  2. Explain when a seizure has occurred.

  3. What are the three standards of justification recognized by the courts? Give a brief explanation of each one.

  4. Explain the concept of "reasonable expectation of privacy."    

  5. Explain the concept of "totality of the circumstances."

  6. Explain the differences among seizures, stops, and arrests. Why do we distinguish between stops and arrests?

  7. When are arrest warrants required? When are they needed? When are they not needed?

  8. Explain the precedent the Supreme Court set in the case of Tennessee v. Garner (1985).    

  9. Give a brief description of Veronia School District v. Acton and what the Court decided in the case.

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