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Preface

The purpose of the student web pages is to help you get the most out of Diplomacy in a Globalizing World, to suggest ways to integrate the text with lectures, and to test and deepen your knowledge. Each chapter section in the student resources is arranged in the following order:

1. Glossary exercises  

Every field has its own vocabulary to aid in analysis, discussion, and understanding. A strong understanding of terms is the foundation of learning. This section asks you to define the key concepts and terms for each chapter.

2. Take–home messages  

The ability to summarize what you have read is crucial to understanding and learning. This section asks you to summarize the main arguments of each chapter. Arguments must be based on logic and facts. How well did the chapter's author(s) make the argument? This section also asks you to critique the chapter's arguments, including each argument's logic and factual basis. Can you think of cases or facts that contradict the chapter's theses? Is there a contending school of thought that offers a different interpretation of the information provided in the chapter? Finally, what you learn from this book should not be learned in isolation. This section asks that you consider the implications of each chapter's conclusions for contemporary diplomacy.

3. Answering the book's "big" questions 

These exercises can build on take-home messages and are designed to help you answer the book's big questions: (1) How is diplomacy changing? (2) Why is it changing? and (3) With what implications for future theories and practices? They also supplement the introductions provided at the beginning of the book's four parts and help underscore the themes that connect the book's chapters. These exercises can guide some topics for term papers.

4. Quizzes

Having summarized, critiqued, and considered the implications of each chapter's arguments, this section provides specific questions to help clarify your understanding of the chapter, as well as test your knowledge and your ability to communicate what you have learned. Some of these questions are suitable for students who are mixing and matching chapters, while others are suitable for students who are in a course that is progressing sequentially through the book.

5. Web-links

Recommending a website is a dangerous endeavor, given the short life-expectancy of some sites. Our authors, however, have found certain sites that appear to have stood the test of time and survived by providing in-depth, useful information. This section provides questions to help you as you navigate the websites and suggests areas of importance related to the subjects of the textbook.

6. Case studies

Some chapters relate to narrative case studies, which can aid in the understanding of key concepts and theories of a given chapter. The case studies can also serve as a starting point for a term paper on a related topic and can demonstrate how researchers define research questions, select cases, analyze information, and apply models to test their validity.

7. Counterfactual reasoning exercises

Creative thinking is crucial to the advancement of science, in general, and the social sciences, in particular. One method of creative thinking is the use of counterfactuals, which are often presented as "what if…then" exercises in reasoning (but there are various ways to introduce a counterfactual and you should be alert to them). A counterfactual question asks not what has happened but what could, would, or might happen under differing conditions. For example: If sovereignty today was based on religious principles, as it was in 2000 B.C., then how would that condition impact contemporary diplomatic practice? Another example is: How might Middle East diplomacy have evolved had Saddam Hussein been killed in an air attack during the First Gulf War in 1991? This section provides an example of a counterfactual for each chapter and then asks you to devise another counterfactual from the chapter and discuss your answer. Be creative and think about the many various implications of the change you suggest as your counterfactual.

8. Guide to further readings 

While the book provides extensive readings in the References section on the topics covered, creative thinking and problem solving require you to go beyond the prescribed texts in order to answer thorny questions about the world of diplomacy. Many of these questions — such as who exactly does diplomacy? who do diplomats represent? and what are the diplomat's ethical boundaries? — remain contested in today's globalizing conditions. Thus, the book's authors have provided a short list of important readings that go beyond their chapter's main arguments and evidence. These readings have been selected for their quality, standing in the field, and richness in terms of allowing you to read more to help begin to answer your own research questions for substantive papers and, eventually, theses and dissertations.

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