Transnationalizing Diplomacy and Global Governance
Globalization is transforming world order. Sovereign states have lost their monopoly on power, and non-state actors are becoming important players in world politics, even though states are still inclined to see them as unwelcome guests and even intruders. The emerging global order incorporates a new set of relationships, or what might be called intersocial relations, between peoples, groups, and sovereign states. In these complex new relationships, social issues, such as human rights, are becoming dominant, and international social integration among the various international actors is becoming an accepted norm of diplomatic activity. Under these changing circumstances, social actors, such as private individuals and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), are acquiring new instruments and resources for participating autonomously in diplomatic activities. In summary, these actors are emancipating themselves from state control and influence. Students of diplomacy need to take into account the new actors and the new social routes through which they act, which bridge the multiple sovereignties of multiple actors in the world diplomatic system, and students need to examine how traditional inter-state and emerging international diplomacies interact with or confront each other. Students will also need to consider whether these developments inform processes of global governance.