Chapter 10

Bilateral and Multilateral Diplomacy in Normal Times and in Crises

Thomas Wright

This chapter discusses bilateral and multilateral diplomatic strategies in contemporary international relations. It explores the differences between bilateralism and multilateralism, outlines different types of multilateralism, shows how both feature in the international order, and looks at the effect of two ongoing crises on the future of diplomacy and global cooperation. Bilateralism and multilateralism will remain central features of international relations, although states are likely to gravitate toward smaller, minilateral groupings of the like-minded.

Glossary exercises

Takeā€“home messages

Answering the book's "big" questions



Case studies

Counterfactual reasoning exercises

Guide to further reading

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