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Self-Quizzes

  1. Which of the following is NOT one of the claims typically made by Cultural Relativists?
      a. There is no universal truth in ethics.
      b. Western values are generally superior to non-Western values.
      c. We should adopt an attitude of tolerance toward other cultures.
      d. Different societies have different moral codes.
  2. According to Rachels, the Cultural Differences Argument:
      a. is basically sound.
      b. draws a conclusion that does not follow from the argument’s premise.
      c. is rooted in a false premise.
      d. demonstrates the truth of Cultural Relativism.
  3. Which of the following consequences follows from taking Cultural Relativism to be true?
      a. Asking whether a given action conforms to the code of one’s society is sufficient for determining that action’s rightness or wrongness.
      b. The assumption that our society has made moral progress since the days of slavery becomes doubtful.
      c. A society tolerant of Jews cannot be said to be superior to an anti-Semitic society.
      d. All of these are correct.
  4. Among the Eskimos, female infanticide is practiced more frequently than male infanticide because:
      a. Eskimos have greater affection for boys than girls.
      b. Eskimo males die prematurely at much higher rates than Eskimo females.
      c. Eskimos believe it is shameful for a woman to give birth to more than one daughter.
      d. marriage dowries are a heavy burden on the parents of girls.
  5. From Cultural Relativism, Rachels argues, we can learn:
      a. nothing.
      b. to keep an open mind.
      c. that objective truth in morality is unattainable.
      d. the superiority of our own values.
  6. That different cultures have different moral codes is a relatively recent discovery.
      a. True
      b. False
  7. According to Rachels, the fact that different cultures have different moral codes implies that moral values lack objective truth.
      a. True
      b. False
  8. If Cultural Relativism is true, a social “reformer” cannot legitimately challenge the ideals of his or her society.
      a. True
      b. False
  9. Rachels thinks it makes no sense to condemn some societies as inferior to our own.
      a. True
      b. False
  10. Rachels believes that all cultural practices can be tested against a rational standard of rightness or wrongness.
      a. True
      b. False
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