Political parties, NGOs, and interest groups are examples of which of the following?
a. Institutional actors
b. Non-institutional actors
c. Elite-challenging politics
d. Elite-directed politics
Which of the following is NOT a reason why community-based interest groups have difficulty mobilizing?
a. Their benefits are often nonmaterial.
b. Their benefits are often collective.
c. Their benefits are inclusive.
d. Their benefits are exclusive.
Which of the following is NOT an unconventional or elite-challenging way to participate in the political process?
a. Signing petitions
b. Participating in strikes
c. Working on political campaigns
d. Participating in lawful demonstrations
Examples of direct democracy include:
a. Initiatives and referenda
b. Initiatives and protest politics
c. Referenda and protest politics
d. Recall elections and interest groups
Who initiates a referendum?
a. The voters
b. The executive
c. The legislature
d. The judiciary