Chapter Overview

This chapter covers four of the largest and most visible—in terms of budget allocation—services that are provided by state and local government: criminal justice, education, transportation, and emergency management. By "visible" we mean those public services encountered frequently, or services we are likely to be aware of on a continual basis. The criminal justice system in each state includes state and local police, prosecutors, crime labs, prisons and jails, various corrections programs such as work release and community service, state and local probation and parole officers, and numerous other types of uniformed and plain-clothes personnel. The state, county, and municipal court systems are also a part of the criminal justice system, but given the great importance of the courts this branch of government was discussed separately in Chapter 8.

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