Essay Questions

  1. According to the chapter reading, what is a substantive entitlement?
    • A belief that an individual has certain benefits due them, regardless of whether a legal foundation for that belief exists. Politicians will sometimes use phrases such as, "everyone has a right to own a home" even if there is no legal foundation to the statement.

  2. So-called mandatory spending is an example of what type of entitlement? Provide policy examples.
    • Budgetary entitlements: Medicare, Social Security, etc.

  3. According to John Skinner, discussed in the chapter reading, what are the two basic forms of entitlements? Provide examples.
    • Earned: Social Security
    • Implied: Medicare

  4. According to the OFA guidelines, what are the four major goals of the TANF program?
    • "Assisting needy families so that children can be cared for in their own homes"
    • "Reducing the dependency of needy parents by promoting job preparation, work, and marriage"
    • "Preventing out-of-wedlock pregnancies"
    • "Encouraging the formation and maintenance of two-parent families"

  5. What is the S-CHIP program? Which level of government manages it?
    • The State Children's Health Insurance Program is a state program, cooperatively managed at the state and federal level, intended to meet the healthcare needs of uninsured middle- and low-income children.

  6. List three of the federal responsibilities in terms of compensation.
    1. Ensure conformity and substantial compliance of state law, regulations, rules, and operations with federal law.
    2. Determine administrative fund requirements and provide money to states for proper and efficient administration.
    3. Set broad overall policy for administration of the program, monitor state performance, and provide technical assistance as necessary.
    4. Hold and invest all money in the unemployment trust fund until drawn down by states for the payment of compensation. (
      , accessed December 30, 2007)

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