Further Reading

Forbes, Robert Pierce. The Missouri Compromise and Its Aftermath: Slavery and the Meaning of America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007. Forbes analyzes the complex political history of American expansionism that led to the delicate Missouri Compromise and traces the consequences of the Compromise for U.S. politics and society.

Hackel, Stephen. Children of Coyote, Missionaries of Saint Francis: Indian- Spanish Relations in Colonial California, 1769–1850. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005. In this book, Hackel examines how California Indians coped with and resisted Spanish religious and military colonial control, even as their populations were decimated by disease. The book presents a particularly in-depth case study of the Mission of San Carlos Borromeo.

Nash, Gary B. Forging Freedom: The Formation of Philadelphia’s Black Community, 1720–1840. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988. Nash’s account of the free black community in Philadelphia shows how ties of kinship, economic activity, and religion provided the means to create the urban center of free black society in the United States. Nash shows how many African Americans succeeded, despite racism and growing segregation.

Published by Oxford University Press

Bartlett, Richard A. The New Country: A Social History of the American Frontier, 1776–1890. A comprehensive look at westward migration and settlement that brings to life the social world of the west.

Chasteen, John Charles. Americanos: Latin America’s Struggle for Independence. Traces Latin American wars for independence starting in 1808, examines how various Latin American colonies became independent nations, and shows the interplay between the United States and many Latin American revolutionary nations.

Egerton, Douglas R. Death or Liberty: African Americans and Revolutionary America. Shows the fundamental place of slavery within the society and political thought of Revolutionary Americans and the ways the Founders failed to provide for gradual emancipation.

Kennedy, Roger G. Mr. Jefferson’s Lost Cause: Land, Farmers, Slavery, and the Louisiana Purchase. Explores the ways the Louisiana Purchase reshaped slavery, political ideology, and the American nation.

Wood, Gordon. Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815. Pays particular attention to the evolving notion of republicanism and its powerful effect on American society and politics in this seminal contribution to the Oxford History of the United States series.

Web Sites

DoHistory: Martha Ballard’s Diary Online. By examining the diary of Martha Ballard, an 18th-century Massachusetts midwife, this web site provides a wealth of information about the social world of the time while also exploring how historians “do history.”

Lewis & Clark: The National Bicentennial Exhibition. This web site allows one to proceed on a “virtual journey” alongside Lewis and Clark, exploring the goods, peoples, landscapes, and nature they encountered along the way and understanding the significance of the expedition for the nation and Indian peoples.

Africans in America. Accompanying the PBS series of the same title, this web site provides information and various primary materials on African American life and culture from the 1400s to the end of the Civil War.

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