Further Reading

Egerton, Douglas R. Gabriel’s Rebellion: The Virginia Slave Conspiracies of 1800 & 1802. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993. Egerton argues that the election of 1800 provided the political context and opportunity for slave rebellion in Virginia. Gabriel’s rebellion was also influenced by the revolutions in France and St. Domingue. Both slave revolts discussed in this work had a great impact on Virginia politics.

Pasley, Jeffrey L., Andrew W. Robertson, and David Waldstreicher, eds. Beyond the Founders: New Approaches to the Political History of the Early American Republic. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. This book of essays introduces readers to a wide variety of ways to view the politics of the early republic in chapters on everything from fashion to political communication to male social clubs.

Sharp, James Roger. American Politics in the Early American Republic: The New Nation in Crisis. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993. Sharp examines the formation of what he calls the two “proto- parties” in American politics in the 1790s. He argues that the politics of the 1790s must be viewed from the vantage point that Americans did not know whether or how their country would hold together, which increased their sense of crisis over political opposition.

White, Ashli. Encountering Revolution: Haiti and the Making of the Early Republic. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010. White’s book examines how the Haitian Revolution affected U.S. politics and society during the formative years of party contest in the United States. White pays particular attention to how refugees from St. Domingue affected the racial thinking of U.S. citizens.

Zagarri, Rosemarie. Revolutionary Backlash: Women and Politics in the Early American Republic. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007. Zagarri’s book shows how white women participated in the political culture and partisanship of the early American republic. She shows that debates about women’s rights started in the late 1780s, even as society at large was moving to restrict women to a more “social” and less political role.

From Oxford University Press

Bouton, Terry. Taming Democracy: “The People,” the Founders, and the Troubled Ending of the American Revolution. Focuses on Pennsylvania to show how, during the 1780s, the elite tempered the liberty and equality that had undergirded the Revolutionary struggle, harming the poor and leading to the Whiskey Rebellion.

Davis, David Brion. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770–1823. A magisterial work exploring the changing ideas regarding slavery throughout the Atlantic world from the American Revolution to the Latin American revolutions.

Ferling, John. A Leap in the Dark: The Struggle to Create the American Republic. Offers a sweeping history of the Revolutionary era from the 1750s to 1800 and shows the slow emergence and acceptance of the idea of independence.

Kennedy, Roger G. Mr. Jefferson’s Lost Cause: Land, Farmers, Slavery, and the Louisiana Purchase. Explores the ways the Louisiana Purchase reshaped slavery, political ideology, and the American nation.

Wood, Gordon. Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815. Pays particular attention to the evolving notion of republicanism and its powerful effect on American society and politics in this seminal contribution to the Oxford History of the United States series.

Yokota, Kariann Akemi. Unbecoming British: How Revolutionary American Became a Postcolonial Nation. Explores the ways the new United States created a distinct national identity and developed an independent society out of foreign goods and ideas.

Web Sites

The Price of Freedom: Americans at War. From the Smithsonian Institute, this web site includes timelines, short educational movies, artifacts, documents, and much more detailing American Wars including the American Revolution, Indian wars, War of 1812, War with Mexico, and Civil War.

DoHistory: Martha Ballard’s Diary Online. By examining the diary of Martha Ballard, an 18th-century Massachusetts midwife, this web site provides a wealth of information about the social world of the time while also exploring how historians “do history.”

Lewis & Clark: The National Bicentennial Exhibition. This web site allows one to proceed on a “virtual journey” alongside Lewis and Clark, exploring the goods, peoples, landscapes, and nature they encountered along the way and understanding the significance of the expedition for the nation and Indian peoples.

Africans in America. Accompanying the PBS series of the same title, this web site provides information and various primary materials on African American life and culture from the 1400s to the end of the Civil War.

Alexander Hamilton: The Man Who Made America. With documents, timelines, images, and other materials, this web site from the New York Historical Society explores the life and impact of Alexander Hamilton.

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