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Multiple Choice 1

  1. Which of the following statements best describes the symbolic importance of the “Girl in the Picture,” Kim Phuc?
      a. She stood for the resilience of the Vietnamese spirit.
      b. She represented the generosity of locals in Vietnam.
      c. She symbolized the human cost of the Vietnam War.
      d. She illustrated the care and humanity of American conduct in the war.
  2. Who won the battle of Dien Bien Phu in May 1954?
      a. the ARVN
      b. the French
      c. the United States
      d. the Vietminh
  3. Why did the Kennedy administration lose faith in Ngo Dinh Diem in 1963?
      a. He was too conciliatory towards socialists in South Vietnam.
      b. He was an ineffective administrator with no mind for the big picture.
      c. He was increasingly unpopular among his own people.
      d. He was suspected of being a Soviet double agent.
  4. When it came to the conflict in Vietnam, Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater made Johnson look
      a. more moderate.
      b. like a pacifist.
      c. weak.
      d. like a fool.
  5. Which of the following best describes the significance of the body count method in the Vietnam War?
      a. It gave American officials a better understanding of progress in the war.
      b. It illustrated the horrible atrocities Americans committed on civilians.
      c. The emphasis on kills rather than territory enhanced the brutality of the war.
      d. It made air assaults and bombing raids less meaningful.
  6. Which of the following forms of protest occurred first in the antiwar movement?
      a. congressional hearings on Vietnam
      b. hundreds of “teach-ins” at college campuses
      c. a 100,000-person antiwar march in Washington, D.C.
      d. a veterans protest involving the return of medals received in Vietnam
  7. Which of the following best characterizes the International War Crimes Tribunal in Stockholm in May 1967?
      a. an antiwar conference organized by European thinkers
      b. a legal proceeding by the international legal community
      c. a conference of the United Nations legal arm
      d. a proceeding of the NATO against the United States
  8. Which city in Vietnam suffered the most during the Tet Offensive early in 1968?
      a. Hue
      b. Saigon
      c. Ko Sanh
      d. Hanoi
  9. Which of the following statements best characterizes the French student protests of 1968?
      a. They were small in numbers and political inconsequential.
      b. They were well organized and often led by social conservatives.
      c. They took on enormous proportions and looked like a new revolution.
      d. They led to the resignation of Charles de Gaulle and the radicalization of French government.
  10. In 1968, the Democratic Party share of the vote moved from 60.5 percent to
      a. 66 percent.
      b. 54 percent.
      c. 43 percent.
      d. 33 percent.
  11. Who released the Pentagon Papers in 1971?
      a. the White House
      b. the New York Times
      c. Columbia University
      d. the Senate Defense Committee
  12. Which of the following best captures the outcome of the midterm election of 1974?
      a. A Democratic Party sweep weakened President Ford’s standing.
      b. Democratic victories in the Senate paved the way for impeachment.
      c. Angry over the Republican Watergate scandal, Americans voted for Democrat Jimmy Carter.
      d. A lackluster voter turn out resulted in a complete stalemate in the House and Senate.
  13. Why did Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong seek better relations with the United States?
      a. He wanted to establish the United States as an export market.
      b. He wanted to convince Nixon to withdraw from Vietnam.
      c. He tried to negotiate loans and grain shipments from the United States to China.
      d. He sought to counterbalance the power of its bitter rival, the Soviet Union.
  14. Which of the following statements best summarizes Richard Nixon’s Southern Strategy?
      a. He tried to gain the African American vote in the rural South.
      b. He sought to bring long-standing Democratic states into the Republican fold.
      c. He hoped to concentrate the fighting on South Vietnam.
      d. He hoped to appeal to voters with his Southern California charm.
  15. How did the American public respond to President Nixon’s firing of special prosecutor Archibald Cox?
      a. They welcomed the step, but demanded more changes in the administration.
      b. His firing went completely unnoticed by a public consumed with the Vietnam War.
      c. It responded with outrage and demands for the House of Representatives to impeach the president.
      d. They were relieved to know that the Watergate affair had finally come to a conclusion.
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