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Multiple Choice 1

  1. Which of the following issues that had sparked the Great War continued to fester during the 1920s and 1930s?
      a. fear of Czarist Russia
      b. rival nationalism and competition for colonies
      c. animosity toward the German Kaiser
      d. Serbian hostility toward the Austrian emperor
  2. Why did President Franklin Delano Roosevelt decide to recognize the Soviet Union in November 1933?
      a. He wanted to anger American conservatives.
      b. He hoped that it would gain him votes in the immigrant community.
      c. He thought it might boost trade with the industrializing nation.
      d. He feared Stalin’s militarization of the Soviet Union.
  3. General Franco’s victory in Spain in 1939
      a. boosted the morale of socialists worldwide.
      b. was greeted with relief in the United States.
      c. undermined the spirit of anti-fascists.
      d. triggered Germany’s invasion of Poland.
  4. What was Der Anschluss in March 1938?
      a. the German annexation of Austria
      b. the Italian invasion of Ethiopia
      c. the persecution of Jews across Germany
      d. the German annexation of Switzerland
  5. Why did Franklin Delano Roosevelt pull back from providing more support to Britain in the fall of 1940?
      a. He was running for a third term and did not want to be seen as a warmonger.
      b. The U.S. economy was once again in crisis and the treasury could not afford the expense.
      c. Antiwar strikes in arms factories across the nation made further supplies difficult to keep up.
      d. With the introduction of the Selective Service in the United States, all military supplies now went to the U.S. Army.
  6. Which of the following is true about the Japanese Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku?
      a. He had studied at Harvard after World War I.
      b. He resigned in protest over the attack on Pearl Harbor.
      c. He had lived in California in the 1910s.
      d. He thought little of American military power.
  7. What was the mission of Admiral Chester Nimitz in the Central Pacific in 1943?
      a. secure islands close enough to Japan for land-based air assaults
      b. liberate Hawaii and the Republic of Tahiti
      c. secure the Philippines against Japanese attacks
      d. aid the British in the protection of India and Pakistan
  8. What impact did U.S. immigration laws have on German Jewish refugees?
      a. They barred most of them from entering.
      b. Congress enacted loopholes that allowed women and children to enter.
      c. Ironically, they blocked immigration for some of the best nuclear physicists.
      d. Since Germans were allowed to enter freely, the laws did not affect them at all.
  9. What share of the nation’s wartime contracts went to the largest 33 corporations in the United States during World War II?
      a. 15 percent
      b. 30 percent
      c. 50 percent
      d. 75 percent
  10. U.S. shipyards cut the construction time for cargo vessels from one year at the end of 1941 to what time by 1945?
      a. 17 days
      b. 17 weeks
      c. 4 months
      d. 6 months
  11. How did Army Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall respond to pleas to desegregate the Army?
      a. He rejected it, arguing that the military was no sociological laboratory.
      b. He acted promptly, explaining that a segregated force could not expect to defeat the Nazi threat.
      c. He desegregated the Army, but maintained segregation in the Navy and the Marines.
      d. He left it up to the different branches which all rejected desegregating their troops.
  12. How long did the Emergency Farm Labor Program, or Bracero Program, last?
      a. until 1944
      b. until 1946
      c. until 1954
      d. until 1964
  13. During World War II, the Santa Ana Race Track in Southern California was used as
      a. a military depot for the Navy and Marines.
      b. a nuclear test site for the Manhattan project.
      c. a prisoner of war camp for German soldiers.
      d. an assembly center for Japanese Americans.
  14. Why did Franklin Delano Roosevelt concede to Stalin’s demands for Polish territory in the postwar order?
      a. He knew that Polish troops had committed serious atrocities against the Red Army.
      b. He knew that Poland took part of the blame for World War II because of its non-aggression pact with Germany.
      c. He understood the Russians’ desire for a security buffer in Eastern Europe against Germany.
      d. He was of the opinion that victors deserved some form of territorial gain in war.
  15. When Germany finally surrendered on May 8, 1945, most Americans understood victory in Europe
      a. as the end of World War II.
      b. as a triumph of Allied cooperation.
      c. as an example of American supremacy.
      d. as the beginning of the Cold War.
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