Further Reading

Brinkley, Douglas. Wheels for the World: Henry Ford, His Company, and a Century of Progress. New York: Penguin Books, 2003. A thorough exploration of the history of the Ford Motor Company, from 1903 to 2003, that highlights not only founder Henry Ford and his many innovations but also his workers.

Cohen, Warren I. Empire without Tears: American Foreign Relations, 1921–1933. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987. A study of foreign policy during the Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover administrations that explores the way Republican policymakers worked with business to ensure stability for U.S. economic interests.

Evans, Sara M. Born for Liberty: A History of Women in America. New York: Free Press Paperbacks, 1997. Both concise and comprehensive, this book examines the history of American women from the colonial period to the present, with a chapter devoted to women in the 1920s.

Hirsch, James S. Riot and Remembrance: America’s Worst Race Riot and Its Legacy. New York: Mariner Books, 2003. An in-depth look at the 1921 Tulsa race riot that explores how authorities covered up the riot and the ways that victims and their descendants fought for justice.

Iriye, Akira. The Cambridge History of American Foreign Relations, Vol. 3: The Globalizing of America, 1913–1945. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Explores the United States’ emergence as global power with a discussion of the “Americanizing” of other nations.

Ngai, Mae M., Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004. Ngai offers a close reading of the legal regime of restriction that commenced in the 1920s—its statutory architecture, judicial genealogies, administrative enforcement, differential treatment of European and non-European migrants, and long-term effects.

Okrent, Daniel. Last Call: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition. New York: Scribner, 2010. A lively, engaging look at America’s experiment with prohibition from 1920 to 1933 and its impact on nearly every aspect of society and culture.

Published by Oxford University Press

Fass, Paula S., The Damned and the Beautiful: American Youth in the 1920s. This social history examines all facets of the “flaming youth” of the period, and offers careful analysis of the people and period. Fass also provides an approach for the study of youth of later decades, the sixties particularly.

Blower, Brooke L. Becoming Americans in Paris: Transatlantic Politics and Culture between the World Wars. Blower reveals that Paris served as an important crossroads, a place where Americans reimagined their position in the world and grappled with what it meant to be American in the new century.

Burns, Jennifer. Goddess of the Market: Ayn Rand and the American Right. Jennifer Burns offers a groundbreaking reassessment of this key cultural figure, examining her life, her ideas, and her impact on conservative political thought.

Chapman, Erin D. Prove It On Me: New Negroes, Sex, and Popular Culture in the 1920s. This study explores the often overlooked dilemma facing black women as they struggled against primitivism, patriarchal aspirations, and consumer culture at the beginning of the twentieth century.

Grant, Colin, Negro with a Hat: The Rise and Fall of Marcus Garvey. Grant introduces UNIA leader Garvey as a one of the founders of Black Nationalism and a man of contradictions: a self-educated, poetry-writing aesthete and unabashed propagandist, an admirer of Lenin, and a dandy given to elaborate public displays.

Web Sites

Temperance and Prohibition. The history of prohibition in photos, documents, and special features.

Jazz. The companion site to the PBS documentary, filled with photos, documents, music, and more information.

Tennessee vs. John Scopes—The Monkey Trial. An overview over the trial with pictures and documents relating to this case.

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