Further Reading

Chambers, John Whiteclay, II. The Tyranny of Change: America in the Progressive Era, 1890–1920. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2006. A thorough exploration of the Progressive era that combines the story of well-known policymakers with the stories of activist working women and men, and describes the many layers of reform—from grass-roots activism to federal policies.

Glickman, Lawrence B. A Very Different Age: Americans of the Progressive Era. New York: Hill and Wang, 1998. Glickman examines the dramatic social, economic, political, and other changes experienced by Americans during the first two decades of the 20th century.

Hofstadter, Richard. The Age of Reform: From Bryan to F.D.R. New York: Vintage, 1960 (1955). A landmark in American political thought, this work examines the passion for progress and reform that colored the period from 1890 to 1940.

Johnston, Robert D. The Radical Middle Class: Populist Democracy and the Question of Capitalism in Progressive Era Portland. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006. This book uncovers the democratic, populist, and anticapitalist legacy of the middle class by examining the independent small business sector in progressive-era Portland.

Perman, Michael. Struggle for Mastery: Disfranchisement in the South, 1888–1908. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000. An in-depth examination of the disfranchisement of black voters, and the reduction of the white electorate, that explores the specific circumstances of this development in all ten southern states.

Recchiuti, John L., Civic Engagement: Social Science and Progressive Era Reform in New York City. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006. This is the history of a vibrant network of young American scholars and social activists who helped transform a city and a nation.

Rodgers, Daniel T. Atlantic Crossings: Social Politics in a Progressive Age. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000. Explores many ways that progressives on both sides of the Atlantic shared ideas and methods to ameliorate social problems in the industrial world.

Stromquist, Shelton. Re-Inventing “The People”: The Progressive Movement, the Class Problem, and the Origins of Modern Liberalism. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2006. Shelton Stromquist argues in this work that the persistence of class conflict in America challenged the very defining feature of Progressivism: its promise of social harmony through democratic renewal.

Wiebe, Robert H., The Search for Order, 1877–1920. New York: Hill and Wang, 1966. This classic work shows how during the progressive era of Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, Americans sought the organizing principles around which a new viable social order could be constructed in the modern world.

Published by Oxford University Press

Flanagan, Maureen. America Reformed: Progressives and Progressivisms, 1890s–1920s. Flanagan introduces progressivism less as a straightforward history of actual reforms than as a revision of the ways in which Americans organized themselves to confront the problems of their society.

Kostlevy, William. Holy Jumpers. Evangelicals and Radicals in Progressive Era America. A fascinating study of the Metropolitan Church Association (MCA) in Chicago, one of the most controversial societies of the era who professed an alternative, radical vision of Christianity, using modern music and folk art to spread their message.

McGerr, Michael. A Fierce Discontent: The Rise and Fall of the Progressive Movement in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. An engaging overview of the progressive movement in the United States with an emphasis on the impulse of progressives to remake American society in their own image.

Righter, Robert W. The Battle Over Hetch Hetchy: America’s Most Controversial Dam and the Birth of Modern Environmentalism. An in-depth examination of the battle over the Hetch Hetchy valley—whether to preserve it or to make it into a reservoir—that helped give birth to the modern environmental movement.

Sneider, Allison L. Suffragists in an Imperial Age: U.S. Expansion and the Woman Question, 1870–1929. Sneider carefully examines these simultaneous political movements—woman suffrage and American imperialism—as inextricably intertwined phenomena, instructively complicating the histories of both.

Simmons, Christina, Making Marriage Modern: Women’s Sexuality from the Progressive Era to World War II. Simmons narrates the development of this new companionate marriage ideal, which took hold in the early twentieth century and prevailed in American society by the 1940s.

Stears, Marc. Progressives, Pluralists, and the Problems of the State: Ideologies of Reform in the United States and Britain, 1906–1926. This book examines the efforts of leading political theorists to transform the initially distinctive theories of the British and American lefts into a single unified ideology.

Web Sites

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire. Updated for the 100th anniversary of the tragedy, the site has a rich variety of new and updated materials.

Urban Experience in Chicago: Hull House and Its Neighborhoods. This web site in commemoration of Hull House features photos, primary source documents, and scholarly articles.

Votes for Women: Collection from the NAWSA Collection. The Collection of the National American Women’s Suffrage Association consists of books, pamphlets and other artifacts documenting the suffrage campaign.

The Evolution of the Conservation Movement. This collection consists of books, pamphlets, laws, prints and photographs, two historic manuscripts, and two motion pictures.

The History of Jim Crow. A site rich with sources with special collections on history, geography, and the American literature of the history of the Jim Crow.

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