Further Reading

Andrews, Thomas G. Killing for Coal: America’s Deadliest Labor War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008. Andrews offers a bold and original perspective on the 1914 Ludlow Massacre and the “Great Coalfield War.”

Banner, Stuart. How the Indians Lost Their Land: Law and Power on the Frontier. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005. Banner addresses the question of how repeated land sales drove Indians west, with a careful detailing of transactions from the 1600s to the 1900s.

Chan, Sucheng. This Bitter-Sweet Soil: The Chinese in California Agriculture, 1860–1910. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986. Chan made extensive use of census records and county archival sources to produce this first full history of the Chinese in California agriculture.

Etulain, Richard W. Beyond the Missouri: The Story of the American West. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2006. Etulain provides a fresh, balanced narrative of this geographically and culturally vast area and emphasizes two themes: change and complexity.

Hine, Robert and John Mack Faragher. The American West: A New Interpretive History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000. The authors show how men and women of all ethnic groups were affected when different cultures met and clashed in the American West.

Isenberg, Andrew C. The Destruction of the Bison: An Environmental History, 1750–1920. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000. This study explains the decline of the North American bison population from an estimated 30 million in 1800 to fewer than 1,000 a century later.

Limerick, Patricia Nelson. The Legacy of Conquest: The Unbroken Past of the American West. New York: W.W. Norton, 1987. Limerick examines the key role of federal money in Western economy—a major issue of continuity in the area’s history—and discusses “borderland” history and immigration restrictions.

Painter, Nell Irvine. Exodusters: Black Migration to Kansas After Reconstruction. New York: W.W. Norton, 1976. This work examines the African American exodus out of the South to Kansas and in the process offers a compelling portrait of the South and the desperate efforts by blacks and whites in that chaotic period to “solve the race problem.”

Weber, David J., ed. Foreigners in Their Native Land: The Historical Roots of Mexican Americans. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2nd ed., 2003. A combination of first-hand accounts and the author’s essays, this volumes capture the essence of the Mexican American experience in the Southwest from the time the first pioneers came north from Mexico.

West, Elliot. The Contested Plains: Indians, Goldseekers, and the Rush to Colorado. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998. This study recounts the rise of the Native American horse culture, white Americans’ discovery and pursuit of gold in the Rocky Mountains, and the wrenching changes and bitter conflicts that ensued.

White, Richard. “It’s Your Misfortune and None of My Own”: A New History of the American West. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1993. White provides a far-reaching explanation of the creation of a region rather than just the vanishing of the frontier.

Wrobel, David M. Promised Lands: Promotion, Memory, and the Creation of the American West. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2002. This work reveals that promoters and reminiscers were more significant than their detractors have suggested. Wrobel details their pivotal impact on our vision of both the historic and mythic West.

Published by Oxford University Press

Pascoe, Peggy, Relations of Rescue: The Search for Female Moral Authority in the American West, 1874–1939. Peggy Pascoe examines four specific cases to tell the story of the women who established missionary rescue homes for women in the American West.

Deutsch, Sarah. No Separate Refuge: Culture, Class, and Gender on an Anglo-Hispanic Frontier in the American Southwest, 1880–1940. Deutsch explores the cultural and economic strategies of Anglos and Hispanics as they competed for territory, resources, and power, and examines the impact this struggle had on Hispanic work, community, and gender patterns.

Faulk, Odie B. The Geronimo Campaign. 1993. Faulk offers a lively and often chilling account of the war that raged over the deserts and mountains of Arizona, New Mexico, and northern Mexico in the mid-1880s, and traces its legacy well past the ultimatum delivered to Geronimo on August 25, 1886.

Milner II, Clyde A. and Carol A. O’Connoer. As Big as the West: The Pioneer Life of Granville Stuart. Granville Stuart (1834–1918) is a quintessential Western figure, a man whose adventures rival those of Wyatt Earp, Buffalo Bill, or Sitting Bull, and who embodied many of the contradictions of America’s westward expansion.

Turner, Elizabeth Hayes. Women, Culture, and Community: Religion and Reform in Galveston, 1880–1920. Turner discovers that the Hurricane of 1900, disfranchisement of black voters, and the creation of city commission government gave white women the leverage they needed to fight for a women’s agenda for the city.

Web Sites

Indian Peoples of the Northern Great Plains. A searchable online photograph database with a variety of search options and additional information.

Western History Photograph Collection. A vast collection of maps, images, and biographies related to the American West.

The Chinese in California, 1850&#$150;1925. A collection of documents related to California’s Chinese American History prior to 1925.

The Transcontinental Railroad. The support site for the outstanding PBS documentary includes the film transcript, biographies, images, and interactive features.

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