Further Reading

Ash, Stephen V. When the Yankees Came: Conflict and Chaos in the Occupied South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995. The clearest analysis of the nature and experience of occupation for both Southern civilians and Northern soldiers.

Gallagher, Gary W. The Confederate War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997. A probing book that argues for the durability and resiliency of Confederate nationalism.

Grimsley, Mark. The Hard Hand of War: Union Military Policy Toward Southern Civilians, 1861–1865. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1995. The most compelling explanation of the shift in Union policy toward a more destructive conflict.

McCurry, Stephanie. Confederate Reckoning: Power and Politics in the Civil War South. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010. A vigorous reinterpretation of the Confederate political experience, focusing on the challenges presented by white women and enslaved people.

Rable, George C. The Confederate Republic: A Revolution Against Politics. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994. The best analysis of the political tension between nationalists and libertarians in the Confederacy.

Whites, LeeAnn. The Civil War as a Crisis in Gender: Augusta, Georgia, 1860–1890. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995. An insightful study of the dynamic relationship between gender conventions and war in the South.

Published by Oxford University Press

Bernstein, Iver. The New York City Draft Riots: Their Significance for American Society and Politics in the Age of the Civil War. Examines the unfolding of the riots, their multiple causes, and their effects on the course of the Civil War and politics more generally.

Boritt, Gabor S., ed. Why the Confederacy Lost. A collection of essays by eminent Civil War scholars probing how the Union won the war on the battlefield.

Boritt, Gabor S. and Scott Hancock, eds. Slavery, Resistance, Freedom. A collection of essays by top historians examining how African Americans resisted slavery in the antebellum years, fought against it during the Civil War, and responded to freedom.

Clinton, Catherine, ed. Southern Families at War: Loyalty and Conflict in the Civil War South. Collects 12 essays on the ways the war challenged and transformed southern family life.

Gienapp, William E. Abraham Lincoln and Civil War America. A compelling biography of the 16th president, his war policy, and his evolving ideas about black rights and reconstruction.

McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. Both synthesizes earlier scholarship and provides a series of new interpretations of the military and political history of the period in a comprehensive fashion.

Nelson, Scott Reynolds and Carol Sheriff. A People at War: Civilians and Soldiers in America’s Civil War. Explores how common Americans dealt with the emotional, intellectual, and physical demands of the conflict.

Rose, Willie Lee. Rehearsal for Reconstruction: The Port Royal Experiment. A classic history of the early attempts at reconstruction on the Sea Islands of South Carolina and its effect on postwar policy.

Weber, Jennifer L. Copperheads: The Rise and Fall of Lincoln’s Opponents in the North. Provides a history of the northern antiwar Democrats and their effects on the progress of the war and politics.

Web Sites

The Price of Freedom: Americans at War. From the Smithsonian Institute, this web site includes timelines, short educational movies, artifacts, documents, and much more detailing American Wars including the American Revolution, Indian wars, War of 1812, War with Mexico, and Civil War.

The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War. Through letters, speeches, diaries, newspapers, census records, and more, this web site explores life in a northern and southern town during the Civil War and Reconstruction.

Africans in America. Accompanying the PBS series of the same title, this web site provides information and various primary materials on African American life and culture from the 1400s to the end of the Civil War.

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