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Further Reading

Carwardine, Richard. Transatlantic Revivalism: Popular Evangelicalism in Britain and America, 1790–1865. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1978. This book traces the intellectual and personal links that bound people together across the Atlantic.

Ginzberg, Lori D. Women and the Work of Benevolence: Morality, Politics, and Class in the Nineteenth-Century United States. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990. An analysis of how women’s reform work both challenged and reinforced gender conventions in 19th-century America.

Heyrman, Christine Leigh. Southern Cross: The Beginnings of the Bible Belt. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1997. A study of the origins and maturation of evangelical denominations in the southern United States through the Second Great Awakening.

Newman, Richard S. The Transformation of American Abolitionism: Fighting Slavery in the Early Republic. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. A clear analysis of the shift in strategy and goals from first generation abolition in the 18th century to the more radical 19th-century activists.

Ryan, Mary. Civic Wars: Democracy and Public Life in the American City during the Nineteenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997. A thoughtful study that chronicles how the development of American cities challenged public and political life.

Published by Oxford University Press

Abzug, Robert H. Cosmos Crumbling: American Reform and the Religious Imagination. Investigates the deep religious beliefs that formed the foundation of the reform movements of the antebellum era.

Howe, Daniel Walker. What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815–1848. A comprehensive synthesis of American history during the period, placing the transportation and communication changes at the center of the revolutionary changes in the nation.

Mulder, Philip N. Controversial Spirit: Evangelical Awakenings in the South. Examines evangelicalism in the South, concluding that denominational differences created conflict in southern society, but also contributed to the social and political development of the region and nation.

Johnson, Paul E. and Sean Wilentz, The Kingdom of Mathias: A Story of Sex and Salvation in 19th-Century America. Explores the religious ferment of the Second Great Awakening and the social transformations that accompanied it by examining one of the many self-styled prophets that arose during that era.

Web Sites

Africans in America. Accompanying the PBS series of the same title, this web site provides information and various primary materials on African American life and culture from the 1400s to the end of the Civil War.

The Alexis de Tocqueville Tour: Exploring Democracy in America. From C-Span, this web site offers their 2-hour documentary about Tocqueville along with a wealth of additional resources.

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