Edwin Land (19091991).
Land invented, and began selling, the Polaroid camera in 1948. Producing
pictures within minutes, the in-camera development was hugely successful until
the immediacy of digital superseded it.
Dorothea Lange (18951965).
Lange’s 1936 Migrant Mother is one of the most widely recognized and
reproduced images in American photography. She studied photography at Columbia
University and then opened a portrait studio in San Francisco (about 1919). Amid
economic turmoil and the Dust Bowl disaster, she began documenting the plight
of migrants. Hired by Roy Stryker for a Farm Security Administration project,
she traveled extensively photographing migrants, farmers, and sharecroppers,
both white and black. During World War II, she photographed Japanese Americans
interned at Manzanar, California.
Clarence John Laughlin (19051985).
Southern born, Laughlin worked in fashion photography before returning to New
Orleans, where he began making fictional images that demonstrated his interest
in surrealism, allegory, and Gothic literature. His book, Ghosts Along the
Mississippi, was published in 1948.
Sherrie Levine (b.
1947). Best known as an ingenious appropriator of Walker Evans’s photographs in
her 1980 exhibition, “After Walker Evans.” She also appropriated Van Gogh,
Leger, and Duchamp. She had a retrospective at the Whitney Museum in 2011: Sherrie
Helen Levitt (19132009).
photographer who deftly captured the vitality of children’s live in the poorer
neighborhoods of New York. Shot with a 35-mm Leica, sometimes equipped with a winkelsucher
device that allowed her to look one direction while photographing in another for
more candid imagery. She first exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art in New
York in 1943. Levitt collaborated on projects with James Agee, including the film
In The Street (1952) and the book A Way Of Seeing (1965).
Glenn Ligon (b.
1960). Bronx-born painter and conceptual artist, whose exhibition, Notes on
the Margin of the Black Book (19911993), was a critique of the famous
Robert Mapplethorpe photographs of gay black men and on the discourse of race
and sexuality that was central to the Culture Wars of the time.
Danny Lyon (b. 1942) Noted photographer of
the civil rights movement, and first staff photographer of the Student Nonviolent
Coordinating Committee. Lyon spent several years documenting a biker gang (The
Bikeriders, 1967) and subsequent other projects including Texas prison
inmates and urban renewal programs. Publications include Like a Thief's
Dream (2007), Memories of Myself (2009), and Deep Sea Diver