We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more

Main Propositions

  • Extreme activists. Voluntary political activists hold more "extreme" policy or ideological positions than party voters and even party leadership.

  • Party oligarchy. A political organization tends to become an "oligarchy," that is, it tends to be dominated by political leaders, or professional politicians, seeking votes and offices.  

Legal Notice | Privacy Policy | Cookie Policy
Please send comments or suggestions about this Website to custserv.us@oup.com