Main Propositions

  • Development favors democracy. Economic development favors the viability of democratic regimes because it tends to reduce income and social polarization and lower the intensity of redistributive conflicts.

  • Democracy favors development. Democracy can favor economic development because it is strongly associated with the rule of law and is more competent in the provision of public goods.

  • Democratic peace. Democratic states are less likely to fight each other and engage in wars than are dictatorships.

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