Learning Objectives

  • How electoral competition on multiple issues fosters instability, while single-issue decisions can produce stable outcomes.

  • What the "win-set" is.

  • How political parties choose issues in electoral campaigns.

  • Distinguish between position issues and valence issues.

  • How different values and arguments can be used in support of policy proposals.

  • How policy consensus can be created, and why electoral competition concentrates on divisive issues.

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