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  1. Nietzsche looks to Greek tragedy
      a. for a portrayal of how to live morally in an indifferent universe.
      b. to teach us what pessimism really means.
      c. for a solution to the problem of the value of existence.
      d. where Apollo is shown to conquer Dionysus, to the benefit of all.
  2. Tragdy provides us
      a. relief that our lives are not like those of the tragic heroes.
      b. metaphysical consolation.
      c. a sense that things could be worse for us than they are.
      d. an occasion to weep unashamedly.
  3. Nietzsche
      a. agrees with Kant that categories like substance and causality are necessary for us to use.
      b. disagrees with Kant about the necessity of using categories like substance and causality.
      c. agrees with Kant that these categories apply only to phenomena.
      d. agrees with Kant that noumenal reality lies beyond the categories.
  4. When real worlds become fables,
      a. we need to invent new ones.
      b. we are left with only the apparent world.
      c. there has been a failure of reason, and we need to try to be more rational.
      d. we have reached the high point of humanity.
  5. With regard to pity, Nietzsche says,
      a. we need to pity the little man, the small man, who crawls about on the earth like a beetle.
      b. it is one virtue that we do owe to the Christians.
      c. it’s finest form is self-pity.
      d. it is the opposite of a life-affirming emotion.
  6. Nihilism
      a. is the mood in which all seems empty, the same, valueless.
      b. can be conquered by faith in God.
      c. means saying no to anything that stands in the way of self-affirmation.
      d. is simply the truth; it must be accepted with resignation.
  7. The “last man” is
      a. the apex of evolution.
      b. the ideal Zarathustra recommends to the crowd, which responds, “Turn us into these last men!”
      c. a rope, stretched between man and overman.
      d. despised by Zarathustra.
  8. Revenge and resentment
      a. create slave morality.
      b. power the drive toward equality.
      c. inform our dearest values.
      d. all of the above.
  9. With respect to free will, Nietzsche says:
      a. Our wills are as free as we imagined God’s will to be, when we still believed in God.
      b. There is no such thing.
      c. It is a rupture in the causal ordering of the world.
      d. It is an idea dreamed up by the strong, to justify theirrapacity.
  10. An Overman, as Nietzsche portrays him,
      a. remains faithful to the earth.
      b. overcomes selfishness in himself and fosters equality.
      c. must kill God over and over.
      d. agrees with the soothsayer that all is the same andnothing is worthwhile.
  11. An Overman, as Nietzsche portrays him,
      a. is something we all have the potential to become.
      b. is the ape of an ideal, an actor.
      c. gives style to his life.
      d. praises selflessness.
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