Utilitarianism is a teleological ethics because,
a. like Kant, it emphasizes motives.
b. it counts each person’s happiness equally.
c. unlike Kant, it puts duty in the center of ethics.
d. it evaluates actions in terms of their outcomes.
An ethical hedonist will
a. favor the pleasures of others over his or her own.
b. think that we all, always, pursue pleasure over anything else.
c. disdain pleasure in favor of ethical correctness.
d. count the pleasures of all as equally important.
Mill differs from Bentham primarily in
a. counting the pleasures of all equally.
b. believing that the quality of pleasure should be taken into account.
c. believing that other things besides pleasure are relevant to the moral evaluation of an act.
d. thinking that utility applies to individual actions, but not to social or political decisions.
The basic idea of consequentialism is that
a. all consequences of a given act are equally important in trying to decide whether to do that act or not.
b. we should look to the consequences when judging the moral rightness of an act.
c. we all have our own ideas about the consequences of our acts, so morality will be different for everyone.
d. happiness doesn't count as much as consequences.
Wollstonecraft thinks that women in her day
a. deserve what they have gotten.
b. have deliberately been treated in such a way as to make them weak, meddlesome, and cunning.
c. are superior to men in virtue.
d. should engage in armed rebellion, if necessary, to attain their rights.