1. The aim of Kant's critique of reason is
      a. to demonstrate that reason can only be passion's slave.
      b. to reveal the a priori conditions of knowledge.
      c. to show, contrary to Hume, that the scope of possible humanknowledge is unlimited.
      d. to show, contrary to Descartes, that human knowledge is not possible.
  2. Kant’s “Copernican revolution” in philosophy
      a. suggests that objects do not exist independently of our minds.
      b. means that the planets are illusions necessarily constructed by every rational mind.
      c. puts the sun in the center of our mental universe.
      d. none of the above.
  3. Synthetic a priori judgments, Kant tells us, are
      a. knowable only in virtue of experience.
      b. true in virtue of the fact that their denials are contradictory.
      c. the only way of knowing things in themselves.
      d. a reflection of the structure of a rational mind.
  4. Geometry is grounded on
      a. straight lines, from which all other figures can be derived.
      b. the universality of seeing that all squares (circles, etc.) are alike.
      c. a pure intuition of space.
      d. the categories of substance and causality.
  5. Concepts, according to Kant, are
      a. faint copies of impressions.
      b. one and all a priori.
      c. like rules for operating on some given material.
      d. the only things guaranteeing knowledge of things in themselves.
  6. The idea of a noumenon is the idea of
      a. something in itself, independently of whether or how it appears to us.
      b. something unknown for now, but knowable.
      c. something that can be known through phenomena.
      d. something weird and unexplainable.
  7. According to Kant, knowledge of our own nature
      a. is impossible in any sense.
      b. is restricted to the way we appear in the realm of phenomena.
      c. is made possible by the category of substance, the application of which to ourselves demonstrates that we are essentially souls, not bodies.
      d. includes knowledge that we are free.
  8. Kant defends the possibility of free will by
      a. appealing to the experience of feeling free.
      b. distinguishing between phenomena and noumena.
      c. pointing out that the order of reasons is the same as the order of causes.
      d. reminding us that we can sometimes do what we choose to do.
  9. The idea of God, Kant says, is an idea that
      a. reason necessarily posits.
      b. imagination constructs from the ideas of goodness and infinity.
      c. can only be given content in individual personal experience.
      d. is an invention of priests to further their control of individuals.
  10. The supreme principle of morality, according to Kant, would have to be one that
      a. everyone agrees to.
      b. “practical anthropology” could discover.
      c. depends on the will of God.
      d. has its foundation in pure reason.
  11. A maxim is
      a. a proverb.
      b. the subjective principle of an action.
      c. a law heteronomously applied.
      d. universalizable.
  12. I am autonomous in the realm of morality in the sense that
      a. I am a legislator of the moral law for myself.
      b. my morality may not be the morality of others.
      c. what I want may not be what you want.
      d. I cannot be in error about what is right for me.
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