“Enlightenment,” according to Kant, means
a. relying only on the light of nature.
b. emergence from self-imposed immaturity.
c. a capacity to empty the mind and receive divine light.
d. having a book to serve as your understanding.
David Hume, prince of empiricists, thinks that
a. a science of human nature along Newtonian lines will be a strong defense against superstition.
b. when we have an idea we are suspicious of, we should try to deduce it from an a priori principle.
c. the succession of ideas in our minds is a result of necessary connections among them.
d. our knowledge of causality is a matter of the relations of ideas.
Impressions differ from ideas in being
a. copies of them.
b. more forceful and vivid.
c. distinguishable from dreams
d. simple rather than complex.
Hume proves our right to use the concept of cause by
a. relying on the principle of the uniformity of nature.
b. showing that experience provides a sufficient justification.
c. pointing out that we cannot do without it.
d. none of the above.
Judgments of probability depend on
a. the degree of connection that experience reveals between events.
b. a mathematical calculus that is independent of experience.
c. a feeling of likelihood.
d. the fact that nothing ever happens twice in exactly the same way.