Anselm's “ontological” argument for the existence of God
a. begins with easily observed facts about the world.
b. moves from the premise that I exist to the conclusion that God exists.
c. purports to establish that “There is no God” is self- contradictory.
d. begins from the idea of God as the greatest thing I can
a. moves from existence to essence.
b. presupposes that God exists.
c. starts from essence and ends with existence.
d. begins with premises derived from Christian faith.
a. depends on Anselm's ontological argument to buttress faith with reason.
b. rejects Anselm's argument as invalid.
c. thinks that God's existence cannot be proved, but must be accepted on faith.
d. holds that we are not in the right epistemological position to use Anselm's argument.
Existence, Aquinas tells us,
a. is included in form, the principle of actuality in things.
b. is something we can take for granted.
c. is something added to the essence of finite things.
d. derives from essence, and from essence alone.
The argument for God's existence from change
a. claims that every change is a transition from actuality to potentiality.
b. assumes that something can be simultaneously both potentially hot and actually hot.
c. assumes that changes can be traced back to infinity.
d. argues that without a first cause of change there would be no intermediate causers of change.
Arguing from efficient causality, Aquinas says that
a. there must be something that is the efficient cause of itself.
b. the eternity of the world proves that God is not an efficient cause.
c. a series of causes going on forever proves that God is eternal.
d. a series of causes cannot go on forever.
When we say that God is good, according to Aquinas, we mean
a. that God is not bad.
b. to use the word “good” in an equivocal sense.
c. exactly what we mean when we use the word “good” in regard to created things—otherwise we wouldn’t know what we do mean.
d. to apply the word “good” by analogy or proportion.
What we know first and most easily, according to Aquinas,
a. is the soul.
b. are the contents of our own minds.
c. are things like carrots and clouds.
d. are ideas of things like carrots and clouds.
What is right for us to do, according to natural law,
a. can be known only through careful attention to what is described as natural in the Scriptures.
b. is whatever naturally feels right.
c. is whatever God, the author of nature, arbitrarily legislates as right.
d. expresses our nature as rational human beings.