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Self-Quiz

  1. Allowing someone to die by not doing something that would prolong life is called
      a. Voluntary euthanasia
      b. Passive euthanasia
      c. Nonvoluntary euthanasia
      d. Active euthanasia
  2. Proponents of active voluntary euthanasia believe that the right to die
      a. Compels others to help someone die
      b. Does not compel others
      c. Justifies involuntary euthanasia
      d. Applies only to the nonreligious
  3. Withholding or withdrawing life-sustaining measures without the consent of the patient is known as
      a. Active nonvoluntary euthanasia
      b. Active voluntary euthanasia
      c. Physician-assisted euthanasia
      d. Passive nonvoluntary euthanasia
  4. A patient taking his or her own life with the aid of a physician is known as
      a. Suicide
      b. Passive suicide
      c. Physician-assisted suicide
      d. Active euthanasia
  5. Dan W. Brock argues that the possible good consequences of establishing a public policy of permitting voluntary active euthanasia
      a. Cannot outweigh the bad
      b. Outweigh the bad
      c. Are negligible
      d. Are irrelevant
  6. Polls have shown that a majority of the American public believes that
      a. People should have a right to obtain euthanasia if they want it
      b. People should not have a right to obtain euthanasia if they want it
      c. Euthanasia is immoral in all circumstances
      d. Involuntary euthanasia should be legalized
  7. J. Gay-Williams argues that active euthanasia is inherently wrong because the action
      a. Conflicts with legal standards
      b. Conflicts with church teachings
      c. Conflicts with natural law
      d. Is contrary to evolution
  8. Gay-Williams argues against euthanasia on the grounds that the practice
      a. Is without precedent
      b. Will lead to widespread abuse
      c. Will increase patient autonomy
      d. Is in our own interest
  9. To argue against the traditional distinction between active and passive euthanasia, Rachels offers a famous thought experiment involving
      a. John and Mary
      b. A famous violinist
      c. Baby Doe
      d. Smith and Jones
  10. Regarding the traditional distinction between active and passive euthanasia, Rachels urges doctors
      a. To practice civil disobedience
      b. To flout the law
      c. Not to write it into official statements of medical ethics
      d. Not to allow moral arguments to influence their views
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