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Table of Contents

* = New to this edition

Preface
User's Guide

1. A Moral Theory Primer

  1. What is a Moral Theory?
  2. Six Essential Moral Theories
    1. Consequentialism
    2. Natural Law Theory
    3. Kantian Moral Theory
    4. Rights-Based Moral Theory
    5. Virtue Ethics
    6. Ethics of Prima Facie Duty
  3. Coping with Many Moral Theories
    Appendix: Ethics by Authority?

2. Readings in Moral Theory *


  1. Jeremy Bentham , The Principle of Utility *
  2. St. Thomas Aquinas , Treatise on Law *
  3. Immanuel Kant , The Moral Law *
  4. John Locke , Natural Rights *
  5. Aristotle , Virtue and Character *
  6. W. D. Ross , What Makes Right Actions Right? *

3. Sexual Morality and Marriage

  1. Vatican Declaration on Some Questions of Sexual Ethics
  2. John Corvino , Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality
  3. Thomas A. Mappes , Sexual Morality and the Concept of Using Another Person
  4. Raja Halwani , Virtue Ethics and Adultery
  5. Maggie Gallagher , Normal Marriage: Two Views *
  6. Evan Wolfson , Enough Marriage to Share *

4. Pornography, Hate Speech, and Censorship

  1. The Attorney General's Commission on Pornography , The Question of Harm
  2. Nadine Strossen , Why Censoring Pornography Would Not Reduce Discrimination or Violence against Women
  3. Ronald Dworkin , Liberty and Pornography
  4. Judith M. Hill , Pornography and Degradation
  5. Charles R. Lawrence III , Hate Speech as the Functional Equivalent of Fighting Words
  6. John Arthur , Sticks and Stones

5. Drugs, Gambling, and Addiction

  1. David Boaz , A Drug-Free America or a Free America?
  2. Peter de Marneffe , Decriminalize, Don't Legalize *
  3. Robert E. Goodin , Permissible Paternalism: Saving Smokers from Themselves
  4. Daniel Shapiro , Addiction and Drug Policy
  5. Peter Collins , Is Gambling Immoral?
  6. David B. Fletcher , Gambling and Character *

6. Sexism, Racism, and Reparation

  1. Marilyn Frye , Sexism
  2. J. L. A. Garcia , Racism as a Model for Understanding Sexism
  3. Michael Philips , Racist Acts and Racist Humor
  4. J. Angelo Corlett , Reparations to Native Americans?
  5. Louis J. Pojman , Why Affirmative Action Is Immoral
  6. Thomas E. Hill, Jr. , The Message of Affirmative Action

7. Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide

  1. J. Gay Williams , The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia *
  2. James Rachels , Active and Passive Euthanasia
  3. Bonnie Steinbock , The Intentional Termination of Life
  4. Dan W. Brock , Voluntary Active Euthanasia
  5. Richard Doerflinger , Assisted Suicide: Pro-Choice or Anti-Life?
  6. David T. Watts & Timothy Howell , Assisted Suicide Is Not Voluntary Active Euthanasia

8. The Ethical Treatment of Animals

  1. Gaverick Matheny , Utilitarianism and Animals *
  2. Tom Regan , Are Zoos Morally Defensible? *
  3. Carl Cohen , Do Animals Have Rights? *
  4. Mary Ann Warren , Human and Animal Rights Compared
  5. Jordan Curnutt , A New Argument for Vegetarianism

9. Abortion

  1. Pope John Paul II , The Unspeakable Crime of Abortion
  2. Judith Jarvis Thomson , A Defense of Abortion
  3. Mary Ann Warren , On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
  4. Don Marquis , Why Abortion Is Immoral
  5. L. W. Sumner , A Moderate View *
  6. Rosalind Hursthouse , Virtue Theory and Abortion

10. Cloning and Genetic Enhancement

  1. John Robertson , Liberty, Identity, and Human Cloning
  2. Leon R. Kass , Preventing Brave New World
  3. Gregory E. Pence , Will Cloning Harm People?
  4. Michael J. Sandel , The Case against Perfection
  5. Arthur L. Caplan , Good, Better, or Best? *

11. The Death Penalty

  1. Immanuel Kant , Punishment and the Principle of Equality
  2. Stephen Nathanson , An Eye for an Eye?
  3. Ernest van den Haag , A Defense of the Death Penalty
  4. Jeffrey H. Reiman , Civilization, Safety, and Deterrence *
  5. J. S. Liebman, J. Fagan, V. West, and J. Lloyd , Capital Attrition: Error Rates in Capital Cases, 1973-1995

12. War, Terrorism, and Torture

  1. Richard A. Wasserstrom , Does Morality Apply to War?
  2. Haig Khatchadourian , The Morality of Terrorism
  3. Michael Walzer , After 9/11: Five Questions about Terrorism
  4. James P. Sterba , Terrorism and International Justice
  5. Henry Shue , Torture
  6. Alan M. Dershowitz , Should the Ticking Bomb Terrorist Be Tortured?

13. World Hunger and Poverty

  1. Garrett Hardin , Living on a Lifeboat
  2. Peter Singer , The Life You Can Save *
  3. John Arthur , World Hunger and Moral Obligation
  4. Amartya Sen , Property and Hunger
  5. Onora O'Neill , A Kantian Approach to World Hunger

14. The Environment, Consumption, and Global Warming

  1. William F. Baxter , People or Penguins? The Case for Optimal Pollution
  2. Aldo Leopold , The Land Ethic
  3. Thomas E. Hill, Jr. , Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving the Natural Environment
  4. Peter Wenz , Synergistic Environmental Virtues: Consumerism and Human Flourishing *
  5. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong , It's not My Fault: Global Warming and Individual Moral Obligations *
  6. Bjorn Lomborg , Let's Keep Our Cool about Global Warming *

Appendix: Quick Guide to Moral Theories
Glossary



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