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Chapter Exam

  1. The Schiavo case demonstrated that
      a. judicial power is divided across state and federal courts.
      b. the president gave the final ruling.
      c. the Supreme Court refused to intervene.
      d. both a and c
  2. Which statement is INCORRECT?
      a. Traditionally, lawyers and courts enjoyed high prestige.
      b. The Supreme Court recently received its lowest approval ratings in at least twenty-five years.
      c. Law, lawyers, and the legal system all enjoy glowing reputations.
      d. The judiciary still generally ranks just above the president and towers over Congress in public opinion polls.
  3. ____________ constitute something of a “third judiciary” alongside state and federal courts.
      a. Appellate courts
      b. Circuit courts
      c. District courts
      d. Specialized courts
  4. The Supreme Court justice appointed by President Obama is
      a. Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
      b. Sonia Sotomayor.
      c. John Roberts.
      d. Nancy Pelosi.
  5. Eleven percent of federal judges are
      a. women.
      b. African Americans.
      c. Hispanics.
      d. Asian Americans.
  6. The breakthrough regarding judicial review came in the landmark case
      a. Marbury v. Madison (1803).
      b. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819).
      c. Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
      d. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896).
  7. When the justices agree to hear a case, the Supreme Court issues a(n)
      a. in loco parentis.
      b. writ of certiorari.
      c. stare decisis.
      d. amicus curiae.
  8. In Roe v. Wade, a federal district court dismissed the case because it
      a. did not have legitimate controversy.
      b. did not have standing.
      c. was moot (irrelevant).
      d. both a and c
  9. Four different perspectives that help explain how justices make their decisions include all of the following EXCEPT:
      a. following precedent.
      b. ideology.
      c. institutional protection.
      d. public opinion.
  10. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) is a landmark case because
      a. it resulted in freedoms for black Americans.
      b. courts repeatedly struck down state economic and labor regulations.
      c. it cemented the infamous doctrine of “separate but equal” for nearly sixty years.
      d. women won labor protections.
      e. the Court is primed to strike down any law that singles out a race or ethnicity.
  11. Roe v. Wade (1973) is a landmark case because
      a. it struck down a Texas statute outlawing abortion.
      b. courts repeatedly struck down state economic and labor regulations.
      c. it cemented the infamous doctrine of “separate but equal” for nearly sixty years.
      d. women won labor protections.
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