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Chapter 16

Style Manuals and Citation of Sources

Citing Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism

iParadigms. Plagiarism.org and Turnitin.

Major Style Manuals

University of Chicago Press Style (Chicago Style)

16.1 Turabian, Kate L., Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, and the University of Chicago Press Staff. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers, 7th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.
See the book’s companion website, especially the Turabian Quick Guide.

* 16.2 University of Chicago Press. The Chicago Manual of Style. 15th ed. Chicago: The Press, 2003; The Chicago Manual of Style Online. 15th ed. Chicago: The Press, 2006-. Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide.

American Psychological Association Style (APA Style)

16.3 American Psychological Association. APA Style.org.

Modern Language Association Style (MLA Style)

*16.5 Modern Language Association. MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing. 3rd ed. New York: Modern Language Association, 2008.
The primary editor of this edition was David G. Nicholls. This edition brings a significant revision to MLA Style. Most notably, it calls for the inclusion of a format indicator for all entries in the "Works Cited" list and URLs are no longer necessary for online resources. MLA will begin using this edition in its own publications in Jan. 2009. A new volume of the MLA Handbook (7th ed.) is expected in 2009.

Music-Specific Style Manuals

16.8 Holoman, D. Kern. Writing about Music: A Style Sheet. 2nd ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008.
This new edition is no longer the style manual of the journal 19th-Century Music, and all the references and examples from the journal have been removed. The citation examples do not always follow the Chicago Manual of Style (15th ed.), nor does the author consistently indicate when he has deviated from Chicago style. Chapter 8, "Best Practices for Student Writers," is short and some of the advice included is geared towards those writing for publication. There are more examples in the music terminology, musical examples, and printed program chapters, which are still the only parts recommended for graduate students.

Citing Electronic Sources

16.9 Walker, Janice R., and Todd Taylor. The Columbia Guide to Online Style. 2nd ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 2006.
The CGOS website has moved, and the updates and examples were not available in July 2008.

Citation Management Software

16.10 EndNote. Carlsbad, CA: Thomson, 1994-.

* 16.11 RefWorks. Bethesda, MD: RefWorks, 2002-.

Using Sources

16.12 Lipson, Charles. Doing Honest Work in College: How to Prepare Citations, Avoid Plagiarism, and Achieve Real Academic Success. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
The chapter titled "Plagiarism and Academic Honestly," is now Chapter 4. A new chapter on taking notes is now the third chapter. Additional examples have been added to the second part on citation along with updates.

* 16.13 Spatt, Brenda. Writing from Sources. 7th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2007.
The Writing from Sources website is now live. It requires free registration, and includes exercises on paraphrasing, documentation, evaluating websites, etc.

Suggested Readings

Duke University Libraries. Citing Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism

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