A collaborative project that involved Wallace K. Harrison, Le Corbusier, and the Brazilian architect, Oscar Niemeyer, the foundation of this organization and the construction of its headquarters represented one of the major acts of post–World War II planning.
a. The United Nations
b. The Radiant City
c. The League of Nations
d. The Urban Renewal program
While several Federal housing projects ended in failure, as did the Pruitt-Igoe near downtown St. Louis, this private developer thrived by designing “tract homes.”
a. John Entenza
b. Charles and Ray Eames
c. William Levitt
d. Cliff May
As a transparent house contained in a single oblong room and divided with a long rosewood paneled volume, this residence in Plano, Illinois, was an important point of reference for Philip Johnson as he prepared his own residence in New Canaan Connecticut.
a. Lafayette Park
b. Farnsworth House
c. Glass House
d. Barbican Centre
The Habitat 67 project by Moshe Safdie in Montréal embodied this strategy, envisioned by French architects, of stacking prefab units to leave interstitial social spaces and rooftop gardens.
a. Grands Ensembles
b. recherche combinatoire
c. tabula rasa
This “gift” to Poland from the USSR during the early 1950s was a town that featured a large steel plant but did not include a church.
d. Nowa Huta
While this architect was not included in the designing team for the new Ciudad Universitaria, his Barragán House and Tlalpan Chapel are among the most accomplished examples of integración plastica.
a. Mario Pani
b. Enrique de Moral
c. Juan O'Gorman
d. Luis Barragán
This building became the incubator of Brazilian Modernism, involving Lúcio Costa (1902–1998), Oscar Niemeyer (b. 1907), Affonso Reidy (1909–1964), and Roberto Burle Marx (1909–1994).
a. Ministry of Education and Health
b. Pedregulho project in Rio de Janeiro
c. Church of São Francisco
As was the case in Brazil, the catharsis for modern Indian architecture occurred with the arrival of this European architect.
a. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
b. Walter Gropius
c. Le Corbusier
d. Erich Mendelsohn
Le Corbusier's main patron in the city, the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, was an enthusiastic technocrat who envisioned the new capital city of _________ as rising “unfettered by the traditions of the past, a symbol of the nation's faith in the future.”
c. New Bombay
Fernand Pouillon's 200 Colonnes in 1959 provided this African city with one of the twentieth century's grandest visions of subsidized housing.
Consisting of four wings that crowned an artificial hill, Alvar Aalto's town hall for this town was inspired by medieval Siena.
This assistant of Alvar Aalto designed the Sydney Opera House in 1957. Despite its 1000% cost overrun, it became synonymous with the city of Sydney itself.
a. Aino Marsio-Aalto
b. Hans Scharoun
c. J⊘rn Utzon
d. Bruno Zevi
While he initially produced orthodox International Style buildings for corporate clients, including the General Motors Technical Center in Warren, Michigan, this project represented Eero Saarinen's first breakthrough in architectural form.
a. Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, St. Louis, Missouri
b. Kresge Auditorium, MIT
c. Ingalls Hockey Rink, Yale University
d. TWA building at Kennedy Airport, New York
While on a fellowship at the American Academy in Rome, the ruins of the city taught this architect that “a good building makes a good ruin.”
a. Bruce Goff
b. Paul Rudolph
c. M. Pei
d. Louis I. Kahn
This building, designed by Louis Kahn, embodied several contradictions: it was constructed with primitive means on a technically sophisticated structure; it was planned for the highest democratic participation in a country that often reverted to autocracy; and it was filled with historical resonances from Europe and Asia while hoping to express modern liberation from the past.
a. Bath House for the Jewish Community Center in Trenton, New Jersey
b. Salk Institute, La Jolla, California
c. Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas
d. National Assembly building, Dhaka, Bangladesh