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Chapter 13

  1. Jacob van Campen, leader of the second generation of classically grounded Dutch architects, designed this church in Haarlem in which a Greek cross fit into a perfectly square volume.
      a. Zuiderkerk
      b. Westerkerk
      c. Noorderkerk
      d. Nieuwe Kerk
  2. Christopher Wren designed two veteran's hospitals, institutions intended to rival Louis XIV's Invalides in Paris, on the east and west ends of London. The hospital for soldiers, ___________, rose around a U-shaped court, open to a garden-lined axis to the river.
      a. Chelsea Hospital
      b. Greenwich Hospital
      c. Covent Garden Square
      d. St. Mary-le-Bow
  3. At this country residence, called ___________, John Vanbrugh (1664–1726) arranged the rear façade with spoils from the Duke of Marlborough's battles, including a 30-ton bust of Louis XIV brought back from Tournai.
      a. St. Martin-in-the-Fields
      b. Castle Howard
      c. Blenheim Palace
      d. Chiswick
  4. The publication of the first neopalladian treatise, Vitruvius Britannicus, earned this architect the sympathies of the most prominent Whig politicians in early eighteenth-century Britain, including Sir Robert Walpole.
      a. Nicholas Hawksmoor
      b. James Gibbs
      c. Colen Campbell
      d. Richard Boyle, Lord Burlington
  5. Filippo Raguzzini's series of apartment buildings in this square in Rome featured a series of surrounding alleys that shaped the flanking buildings into polygonal figures. The overall effect was one of a stage set.
      a. Piazza del Popolo
      b. Piazza di San Pietro
      c. Piazza San Ignazio
      d. Tor di Nona
  6. Filippo Juvarra's greatest project for the Dukes of Savoy was a hunting lodge, called________, that featured a central wing that rose on an X-shape plan.
      a. villa of Stupinigi
      b. Palazzo Madama
      c. Reggia of Caserta
      d. Versailles
  7. Incorporating the bell tower, or campanile, into the convex entry bay, Chiaveri's church in Dresden, called _________, resembled the churches of Gagliardi in Sicily.
      a. San Giorgio
      b. Hofkirche
      c. Frauenkirche
      d. Karlskirche
  8. In Vienna Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach (1656–1723) sought to surpass Versailles with his initial plan for this residence of the Habsburg emperor.
      a. Stadhuis
      b. Mauritshuis
      c. Karlsruhe
      d. Schönbrunn
  9. The Spanish architect Fernando de Casas y Novoa (1691–1749) completed the façade of this medieval church, creating one of the most prominent examples of the churrigueresque style in the 1740s.
      a. Escorial
      b. San Rocco
      c. Santiago de Compostela
      d. Granada Cathedral
  10. In 1572, Spanish administrators codified the practice of urbanism in a set of 148 articles known as the __________. This code recommended straight, wide streets, laid out “using cord and ruler.”
      a. encomienda grants
      b. hacienda estates
      c. indios
      d. Laws of the Indies
  11. The major square of Mexico City, called the ________, measured 240 m per side, was more than twice the size of the Plaza Mayor in Madrid.
      a. traza
      b. Zócalo
      c. Querétaro
      d. auto-da-fé
  12. The following are features of the Italian-inspired Spanish fortresses in the Caribbean EXCEPT for:
      a. angled bastions
      b. use of cut stone
      c. high, slender towers
      d. polygonal ground plan
  13. In colonial North America, this term initially referred to colonial urban settlements, it came to signify the landscape of an agricultural estate with a big house and a collection of secondary buildings.
      a. hacienda
      b. encomienda
      c. plantation
      d. gentleman's house
  14. Building with timber, available in abundance in the forests, this housing type, with a wooden frame and clapboard cladding, became a common in New England.
      a. plantation
      b. manor
      c. saltbox
      d. state house
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