Khubilai Khan (1215–1294) planned the new capital of China, called ________ (modern-day Beijing), with an architect who consulted the Kaogongji, or Book of Rites, for the construction of imperial Chinese capitals since the second century BCE.
Most of the architectural solutions of the Ming, especially in their construction of the Forbidden City, came from typological and proportional recommendations of an architectural manual originally published during the Sung dynasty (ca. 1100) called ________ .
c. Yingzao Fashi
d. feng shui
The scholar-officials who served the emperor in Beijing resided outside the Forbidden City, in long alleys set in gridded blocks called _________.
Chengzu's successor Jiajing (r. 152–167) rebuilt this temple and ritual-landscape complex in Beijing, which occupied a site larger than the Forbidden City.
These spectacular eroded rocks were the prized items of contemplation in the scholars' gardens of Suzhou. In the Net Master's Garden, an irregularly shaped lake set up the studied compositions of these rocks.
c. tai hu
d. Wang Shi Yuan
The Turks in Anatolia often went by the name of Rum, and in their conquests they consciously aspired to Roman precedents. Their infrastructure projects rivaled the feats of Rome and included:
a. the new walls of Jerusalem
b. the Süleyman Bridge at Büyükçekmece
c. the Mağlova aqueduct
d. all of the above
The Yeșil Cami in Bursa was part of a religious enclave, called a _______, which was a charitable institution that included a mosque, a tomb of the donor, one or more religious schools, a bath, and sometimes a hospital.
After Constantinople fell to the Ottomans, the non-Muslim ethnic groups, including Greeks, Armenians, Jews, and Italians, were allowed to settle and to be governed by their own laws, called __________.
b. Koza Han
In 1459 Mehmet II moved his palace in Instanbul from the center of the city to a site at the tip of the peninsula. This complex, called ________, was the antithesis of European palaces: its asymmetrical, garden-like layout was closer to a Chinese scholar's garden.
a. Fatih Cami
b. Hagia Irene
c. Topkapi Saray
Like the Şehzade Cami, this complex returned to the composition of Hagia Sophia and features a central dome flanked by two semidomes, supported by four octagonal buttress towers.
a. Mihrümah Cami
b. Fatih Cami
This architect was charged by Pope Nicholas V to demolish and rebuild the apse of Old Saint Peter's in 1452.
a. Leon Battista Alberti
b. Bernardo Rossellino
c. Donato Bramante
d. Antonio da Sangallo the Younger
This domed shrine resembled an ancient round tholos-type temple and commemorated the alleged site of St. Peter's crucifixion.
b. Villa Rotonda
c. Santa Costanza
d. Santo Stefano Rotondo
This architect published the first fully illustrated treatise on architecture (1537–1547), known today as the Five Books of Architecture.
a. Jacopo Sansovino
b. Giulio Romano
c. Baldassare Peruzzi
d. Sebastiano Serlio
This villa, constructed on a hill a few kilometers east of Vicenza, employed a double-height rotunda with a hemispherical dome. This form was usually reserved for religious buildings.
a. Villa Madama
b. Palazzo Chiericati
c. Villa Rotonda
d. Teatro Olimpico
In redesigning the site of Rome's communal government, called the ________, Michelangelo transformed the piazza from an unpaved, irregular space adjacent to the thirteenth-century church of the Aracoeli into a magnificent outdoor room.
a. Piazza della Signoria
c. Piazza del Campo