The interest in collecting the texts and works of art of ancient Rome and Greece, especially in fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Florence, stimulated a new, progressive taste for works that appeared like the ancients. This taste was known as __________.
d. pietra serena
Using a public loggia, or open archway, and ancient-style Corinthian columns and pilasters, Filippo Brunelleschi gave this building, funded by the Arte della Seta (the silk guild), a distinct classical appearance.
a. Palazzo Vecchio
b. Or San Michele
c. Foundling Hospital
d. Church of Santa Maria Novella
During the fifteenth century in Florence, the construction of grand family palaces, such as the Medici, Strozzi, and Rucellai palaces, became seen as a civic duty of wealthy families to improve the public realm through private palaces. This duty, or virtue, was known as _________.
At the church of San Francesco at Rimini, a thirteenth-century church he redesigned as a family mausoleum for Sigismondo Malatesta (1417–1468), Leon Battista Alberti used fluted half-columns on the church façade in imitation of this Roman triumphal arch.
a. Arch of Titus
b. Arch of Septimius Severus
c. Arch of Augustus at Rimini
d. Arch of Constantine
Trained as a sculptor in Florence, Antonio Averlino, better known as Filarete (c. 1400–1469) designed a fictional city, called ______, whose plan consisted of an eight-point star with radiating streets and canals that led to the center.
The oldest wooden church in Russia, this fourteenth-century church had a plan relating to the standard blockwork type with dimensions corresponding to the 3 m (9.6 ft.) optimum length of the timbers.
a. Church of the Tithe
b. Saint Lazarus on Kizhi Island
c. Saint Sophia in Kiev
d. Cathedral of the Dormition
After his expulsion of the Tatars from this city by 1480, Ivan III replanned this city to be a “third Rome,” or a successor to both Rome and Constantinople.
With colorful onion domes, called _________, and stacked gables girding their tall drums, Postinik Yakovlev's sixteenth-century church of Saint Basil in Moscow represented a conscious rejection of Italian influence as a triumphal expression of Russian identity and the triumph over the east.
c. Hasht Bihisht
In an attempt to win the favor of the Polish people, this king commissioned the arcaded Cloth Hall (the Sukiennice), similar in scale to the Waterhalle in Bruges.
b. Ivan IV
c. Kasimir III
d. Matthias Corvinus
The combination of Gothic and classical motifs in the Vladislav Wing of this castle in Prague reveals that the arrival of artists and styles from Italy did not result in pure all'antica style.
a. Wawel Hill compound
In what is the present-day American southwest, the Anasazi constructed sacred spaces in underground circular chambers, known as ________.
d. cliff palaces
Similar to Venice, the Aztec city of Tenochtitlán grew on land recuperated from marshes. A series of shallow canals divided the city into quarters, which were further subdivided into ________, or wards.
The Great Temple of Tenochtitlán was known as _________. The steep pyramidal sanctuary rose 60 m, and it was rebuilt at least six times, with each new version enveloping the earlier one.
These orthogonal blocks were used in Inca masonry. They were joined in highly irregular, interlocking courses. The sites of Cuzco, Ollantaytambo, and Sacsahuamán display these blocks in their walls.
This hillside site, overlooking the Incan city of Cuzco, is considered to be the most impressive work of Inca masonry.
d. Machu Picchu