Part 3. A Land of Contrasts

The Boisterous Sea of Liberty

Part 3. A Land of Contrasts

Part 3. A Land of Contrasts    85

Mercantilist Ideas    88 1. "Although this Realm be already exceedingly rich...yet might it be much increased"    88
Thomas Mun, England's Treasure by Forraign Trade, 1664

New Netherlands: America's First Multicultural Society    88 2. "There are, also, various other Negroes in this country"   88
Adriaen Van Der Donck, The Representation of New Netherland, 1650

New Netherlands Becomes New York    90 3. "All people shall continue free"    90
"True copy of articles whereupon...the New Netherlands were surrendered," January 1674

Indian Affairs    92 4. "Yours having entered our houses, taken away and destroyed our goods and People"    92
Propositions of Col. Wm. Kendall authorized by the Governour, Council and Burgesses of Virginia, October 30, 1679

5. "The English...shot some of our People dead"    94
The Oneydes Answer upon the Propositions of Colonel William Kendall, October 31, 1679

6. "The Governor of Canada is Intended to Destroy us"    94
Propositions made by four Sinnekes, June 29, 1685 and Answer to the Propositions, June 29, 1685

The Schenectady Massacre    95 7. "As to the causes of this...war...jealousy arising from the trading of our people...seems to be the principal one"   95
Robert Livingston, February 9, 1689-90

8. "The French of Canada have killed [and] Imprisoned...your People"   97
Propositions made by the Honorable Colonel Richd. Ingoldesby, July 14, 1709

Persecution of the Quakers    98 9. "We are...necessitated to lay before the Governor an oppression that we lye under"    98
Petition of New York Quakers to the Governor, November 11, 1702

The Quaker Ideal of Religious Tolerance    99 10. "Persons have been flung into Jails"    99
William Penn, "England's present interests discovered...," 1675

South Carolina   102 11. Reflecting S[i]r on the weakness of this our Colony"   102
James Moore, March 1, 1698-99

Georgia    104 12. "The Trustees intend to relieve such unfortunate persons as cannot subsist here [in England]"   104
James Oglethorpe, 1733

English Liberties and Deference    104 13. "I am as good flesh & blood as you"    104
Governor Joseph Dudley and Thomas Trowbridge, January 23, 1705

Queen Anne's War   106 14. "They are animated...to such barbarity by the French"    106
Thomas Oliver, October 20, 1708

Immigration and Ethnic Diversity   108 15. "During the voyage there is...terrible misery"   108
Gottlieb Mittelberger, Journey to Pennsylvania in the Year 1750

Indentured Servitude    110 16. "An apprentice or servant...for...ye Term of fifteen years & five Months"    110
Indenture apprenticing Javin Toby, January 9, 1747

Suspicion of Arbitrary Power    111 17. "If every Man had his Will, all Men would exercise Dominion"    111
John P. Zenger, New York Weekly Journal, March 11, 1733

The Great Awakening 114 18. "A great...concern about...Things of Religion...became Universal"    114
The Christian History, July 11, 1743

Fear of Slave Revolts 116 19. "The Negroes were rising"    116
Daniel Horsmanden, A Journal of the Proceedings in the Detection of the Conspiracy...for burning the city of New-York...,1774

America as a Land of Opportunity    119 20. "Why increase the Sons of Africa...where we have so fair an Opportunity... of increasing the lovely White and Red?"    119
Benjamin Franklin, "Observations Concerning the Increase of mankind," 1755