Part 8. Civil War

The Boisterous Sea of Liberty

Part 8. Civil War

The Boisterous Sea of Liberty

A Documentary History of America from Discovery through the Civil War
$29.99
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Paperback 13/01/2000 ISBN13: 9780195116700 ISBN10: 0195116704 Drawing on a gold mine of primary documents--including letters, diary entries, personal narratives, political speeches, broadsides, trial transcripts, and contemporary newspaper articles--The Boisterous Sea of Liberty brings the past to life in a way few histories ever do.
Here is a panoramic look at early American history as captured in the words of Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Beecher Stowe and many other historical figures, both famous and obscure. In these pieces, the living voices of the past speak to us from opposing viewpoints--from the vantage point of loyalists as well as patriots, slaves as well as masters. The documents collected here provide a fuller understanding of such historical issues as Columbus's dealings with Native Americans, the Stamp Act Crisis, the Declaration of Independence, the Whiskey Rebellion, the Missouri Crisis, the Mexican War, and Harpers Ferry, to name but a few.
Compiled by Pulitzer Prize winning historian David Brion Davis and Steven Mintz, and accompanied by extensive illustrations of original documents, The Boisterous Sea of Liberty brings the reader back in time, to meet the men and women who lived through the momentous events that shaped our nation.

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Part 8. Civil War 501

1. "Terrible News!"    503
Marietta (Ohio) Home News Extra, April 13, 1861

2. "Invasion of our soil will be considered as an act of war"   506
Robert E. Lee, April 24, 1861

3. "The battle [is] opened" 506
Frederic Pearce, May 13, 1861

4. "We had an alarm last night"    507
James R. Kelly, July 22, 1861

5. "We have an agency...for the abolition of slavery in the...war"    508
John Jay, July 24, 1861

6. "The men who have struck this blow at our government are playing for a bigger stake than the right to...extend slavery"    509
David Hopkins, August 18, 1861

7. "I propose to offer you a few suggestions"    510
Abraham Lincoln, October 24, 1861

8. "Nathaniel Gordon was indicted and convicted for being engaged in the Slave Trade"    511
Abraham Lincoln, February 4, 1862

9. "I would like the bill to have...three main features"    511
Abraham Lincoln, March 24, 1862

10. "A great number...were killed on Sunday"   512
Edgar Pearce, April 17, 1862

11. "Shall our mothers, our wives, our daughters and our sisters, be... outraged by the ruffianly soldiers of the North...?"   514
General Pierre G.T. Beauregard, May 19, 1862

12. "Our country is involved in desolating war"    514
Jefferson Davis, August 18, 1862

13. "The Cherokee People...desire...ample Military Protection for life and property"   516
John Ross, September 16, 1862

14. "To the question 'Why was not the rebel army bagged'...?...you answer 'That is not the game'"    518
Abraham Lincoln, September 26, 1862

The Significance of Names 519

The Emancipation Proclamation 520
15. "All persons held as slaves within any State...in rebellion...shall be...free"    520
Abraham Lincoln, September 22, 1862

16. "Lincoln's proclamation will produce dissensions and trouble at the North"    523
Mansfield Lovell, October 30, 1862

17. "An incalculable element of strength to the Union cause"   523
Rufus Blanchard, ca. 1863

18. "How is the Proclamation to be enforced?"    525
Amos Lewis, January 16, 1863

19. "The administration are generally damned by the soldiers"   525
A soldier in the 12th Vermont Militia, January 18, 1863

20. "We have not been paid anything since I was at home"    526
David V.M. Smith, October 5, 1862

21. "We left...numbering near 3600....To day we do not number more than 1200"   526
George C. Burling, October 25, 1862

22. "I proposed a national Banking system"   527
Samuel P. Chase, January 27, 1863

23. "We seem to have the whole world against us"   528
Major General Daniel H. Hill, March 9, 1863

24. "They are all moving to Texas with their Negroes"   528
General William Tecumseh Sherman, March 30, 1863

25. "If I could not command a Co[mpany] of white men, I would not command any"    529
Joseph M. Maitland, April 22, 1863

26. "I am very sorry to hear that the Rebels are in Pennsylvania"    530
Samuel Shenk, June 25, 1863

Gettysburg 530
27. "Worrying will do no good"    530
Captain Josiah C. Fuller, July 4, 1863

28. "Our wickedness...has brought [us] to what we are"    533
Christian M. Epperly, August 15, 1863

29. "I am...in the midst of death in every form and shape"    534
Abram Bogart, September 9, 1863

30. "The whites...will not allow their Ind[ian]s to roam in their midst much longer"    535
George Bonga, October 22, 1863

31. "The condition of the Freed Negroes...is daily becoming worse"   536
James E. Yeatman et al., November 6, 1863

32. "The recruitment of colored troops has become the settled purpose of the Government" 538 Major General Benjamin F. Butler, December 5, 1863

33. "You are directed to have a transport...sent to the...colony established...at...San Domingo"   541
Abraham Lincoln, February 1, 1864

34. "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude...shall exist"   541
Thirteenth Amendment Resolution, April 8, 1864

35. "Be prepared for the worst"    543
Lieutenant John McKinley Gibson, April 12, 1864

36. "White children are to...mix in the same cabin with the Negro with the same Yankee Marm for the teacher!"    544
Tobias Gibson, April 14, 1864

37. "Sad and awful Execution[s] which [have] taken place"    544
Christian M. Epperly, May 8, 1864

38. "If the South gains its independence plenty of slaves can be got from Africa" 545
Tobias Gibson, August 3, 1864

39. "All the senators are more anxious to have Mr. Lincoln live than...ever...before"    545
Mary Y. Prentiss, March 8, 1865

40. "How shall we End the Rebellion...Coax it, or Crush it? "    546
"The Two Roads to Peace," n.d.

41. "I think a majority of the soldiers are for Lincoln"    550
Andrew Knox, September 10, 1864

42. "The cry [is]...on to Richmond"    551
A.R. Lord, April 5, 1865

43. "The Army...has been compelled to yield by overwhelming numbers and resources"    552
Robert E. Lee, April 10, 1865

44. "'The President is murdered'"    553
J.B. Stonehouse, April 14, 1865

45. "The news...came...like a clap of thunder in a clear sky"    554
W. Henry Pearce, April 16, 1865

46. "It is a very hard blow for this nation to lose our President"    554
Union soldier, April 18, 1865

47. "Our country is now in a disturbed condition"   555
Edwin H. McCaleb, June 1, 1865

Toward Reconstruction 557

The Nature and History of the Gilder Lehrman Collection 561