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Introduction to Physical Hydrology

Martin Hendriks

January 2010

ISBN: 9780199296842

352 pages
Paperback
246x189mm

In Stock

Price: £38.99

Introduction to Physical Hydrology explores the principal rules that govern the flow of water by considering the four major types of water: atmospheric, ground, soil, and surface. It gives insights into the major hydrological processes, and shows how the principles of physical hydrology inform our understanding of climate and global hydrology.

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Description

Introduction to Physical Hydrology explores the principal rules that govern the flow of water by considering the four major types of water: atmospheric, ground, soil, and surface. It gives insights into the major hydrological processes, and shows how the principles of physical hydrology inform our understanding of climate and global hydrology.

  • The perfect introduction to physical hydrology for students from diverse backgrounds.
  • A global mix of examples illustrate physical hydrology in the context of a range of geographical settings.
  • Extensive learning support, including exercises and Maths Toolboxes, support the reader as they engage with the numerical aspect of the subject.
  • Explanations of key experimental approaches demonstrate the exploration of physical hydrology in practice.
  • An Online Resource Centre provides additional resources for both lecturers and students, enhancing the value of the book as a teaching and learning resource.

About the Author(s)

Martin Hendriks, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University

Table of Contents

    1: Introduction
    1.1: Major water types
    1.2: Hydrological cycle
    1.3: Drainage basin hydrological processes
    1.4: Water balance
    2: Atmospheric water
    2.1: Cloud formation
    2.2: Generation of precipitation
    2.3: Precipitation types
    2.4: Measuring precipitation
    2.5: Areal precipitation
    2.6: Evaporation types and measurement
    2.7: Estimating evaporation: Penman-Monteith
    3: Groundwater
    3.1: Misconceptions
    3.2: Drilling a hole
    3.3: Bernoulli to the aid
    3.4: Aqui
    3.5: Effective infiltration velocity and infiltration rate
    3.6: The soil as a wet sponge
    3.7: Brothers in science: Darcy and Ohm
    3.8: Refracting the water
    3.9: Keep it simple and confined
    3.10: Continuity and its consequences
    3.11: Going Dutch
    3.12: Flow nets
    3.13: Groundwater flow regimes and systems
    3.14: Fresh and saline: Ghijben-Herzberg
    3.15: Groundwater hydraulics
    4: Soil water
    4.1: Negative water pressures
    4.2: Determining the total potential
    4.3: The soil as dry filter paper or a wet sponge
    4.4: The soil moisture characteristic
    4.5: Drying and wetting: hysteresis
    4.6: Unsaturated water flow
    4.7: Moving up: capillary rise and evaporation
    4.8: Moving down: infiltration and percolation
    4.9: Preferential flow
    5: Surface water
    5.1: Bernoulli revisited
    5.2: Measuring stage, water velocity and discharge
    5.3: Hydrograph analysis
    5.4: Conceptual rainfall-runoff models
    5.5: Variable source area hydrology
    C Conceptual Toolkit
    C1: If you can't do the math
    C2: Mathematical differentiation and integration
    C3: Quick reference to some differentiation rules
    M Mathematics Toolboxes
    M1: Confined aquifer: horizontal flow
    M2: Unconfined aquifer: horizontal flow
    M3: Leaky aquifer: inverse landscape
    M4: Unconfined aquifer with recharge: canals with equal water levels
    M5: Unconfined aquifer with recharge: streams with different water levels
    M6: Confined aquifer: radial-symmetric flow
    M7: Unconfined aquifer: radial-symmetric flow
    M8: Derivation of the Richards equation
    M9: Other forms of the Richards equation
    M10: Open channel flow
    A Answers to the exercises

Reviews

"I think it is the best textbook for undergraduates that I have seen so far. I am very fond of your examples, your exercise material and the treatment of mathematics. " - Professor Hubert Savenije, Delft University of Technology

"Excellent mathematical tools, and boxes that bring extra knowledge and interesting applications. A pleasure to read. " - Dr Roger Thunvik, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

"A detailed and thorough review of the physical principles of hydrology... case studies and examples as 'boxes', and student exercises (along with all important answers) makes this student textbook a useful addition to the literature available in this subject area. " - Dr Ian Maddock, Principal Lecturer in Physical Geography, University of Worcester

"The enterprise of Hendriks in writing this book represents an ambitious and difficult task, with the self-stated objective being to provide 'a combined approach to hydrology from environmental and social perspectives, in addition to the more traditional physical geography and civil engineering perspectives'. This approach works well and is likely to be well received by those wishing to rapidly immerse themselves in this field with little or no prior knowledge. It is an ideal introductory text for undergraduates in hydrology. " - Joan Estrany, University of the Balearic Islands, Spain