vanLoon & Duffy: Environmental Chemistry 3e
All the links below were correct at the time of publishing and are checked regularly. However, we are unable to guarantee that web addresses or the content on external web pages won't change. If you do find any broken links, please e-mail us with the details.
Chapter 1: Environmental chemistry
Chemistry Department, Environmental Chemistry CH390, Oregon State University
Foust, R. Environmental Chemistry, Northern Arizona University
Chapter 3: Stratospheric chemistry - ozone
Information on ozone monitoring
Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (CMDL) 325 Broadway Boulder, CO 80305:
WHO Ozone Mapping Centre:
NASA, Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Branch:
Space-based measurements of ozone and air quality
Suggested keywords for internet search: stratospheric ozone, ozone hole, TOMS
Problems - Q17: Using the figures provided, comment on the "ozone hole".
These images were obtained from the NOAA Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado from their web site:
United Nations Environment Programme, Ozone Secretariat
Chapter 4: Tropospheric chemistry - smog
Environment Canada, Clean air on line
Chapter 5: Tropospheric chemistry - precipitation
Lani, B.W., T.J. Feeley III, J. Murphy, L. Green, A review of DOE / NETL’s advanced NOx
control technology R&D program for coal-fi red power plants
Maps showing trends in concentration and deposition of S and N in the United States:
National atmospheric deposition project
World Resources Institute––EarthTrends Environmental Information, searchable database for
information on emissions of acidifying gases and many other environmental topics
Chapter 6: Atmospheric aerosols
Space-based measurements of ozone and air quality
Chapter 7: Chemistry of urban and indoor atmospheres
Air Now, International Air Quality.
Click on ‘international’ at the bottom of the home page. This takes you to a listing of many national websites where air quality information is available; some countries report data as ongoing real-time information as well as archiving previous data.
World Health Organization, Air quality guidelines—global update, 2005, and Air quality guidelines for Europe 2nd Edn 2000. Both available online from www.euro.who.int
Table 7.3 - Data were obtained from the Minnesota
Pollution Control Agency who follow the US EPA established method for
air quality determination:
Chapter 8: The chemistry of global climate
The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Centre (CDIAC) under US Department of Environemnt,
publishes trace gas concentrations from a number of specifi c sites around the world
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Assessment Reports,
Table 8.3 - The contribution to greenhouse warming is usually referred to as increased radiative forcing; this describes the average per square metre additional energy made available to the Earth associated with the increase in concentration of each gas. Most of these and other values given in the present chapter are taken from an article by Blasing, T.J. and S. Jones, posted on the web site of http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/pns/current_ghg.html and containing data that were updated in November 2003. The values are from various sources, all referenced in the article, and usually refer to mixing ratios for 2002 or 2003.
Table 8.4 - GWP values are obtained by integration over a 100 y period. Obtained from Blasing, T.J. and S. Jones, Current greenhouse gas concentrations http://ediac.esd.ornl.gov/pns/current_ghg.html (February 2004). These values relate to direct effects; interactions of CFCs with ozone in the lower stratsophere may reduce the amount of radiation into the lower atmosphere, contributing to a cooling effect. The GWP values would be correspondingly reduced.
Chapter 9: The hydrosphere
United Nations Environment Program, The Global Environment Monitoring System Water
Program. Water quality for ecosystem and human health, 2006
United Nations Environment Program, Global Environment Outlook Report 4, GEO4, Chapter
United Nations Environment Program, Vital water graphics—an overview of the state of the
world’s fresh and marine waters
The World Water Council deals with a broad range of water issues, with emphasis on political, social and environmental goals in the Millennium Development Goals context, World water vision, Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, UK, 2000.
A number of downloadable publications regarding water issues are found at:
Chapter 11: Gases in water
Example 11.3 TCE vapour pressure in a subsurface soil: TCE is the major groundwater contaminant in sites around the United States. For a description of the Superfund Program for clean-up of these sites see www.epa.gov/superfund/
Chapter 12: Organic matter in water
The International Humic Substances Society
Chapter 14: Environmental chemistry of colloids and surfaces
A very comprehensive searchable compendium of log KOW values is available from the
Canadian National Committee for CODATA (CNC?CODATA) at
Chapter 16: Water pollution and waste-water treatment chemistry
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, Wastewater treatment
technologies—a general review.
Veolia Environment, A site visit of the Hague wastewater treatment plant
Chapter 18: Soil properties
Palm, C., P. Sanchez, S. Ahamed and A. Awiti Annu, Soils: A contemporary perspective, The
Annual Review of Environment and Resources 32:99–129, (2007). Available online at
Chapter 19: The chemistry of solid wastes
Table 19.4 Carbon to nitrogen ratios in organic waste materials. Data obtained from Cornell Cooperative Extension, T. Richard: http://compost.css.cornell.edu/Factsheets/FS2.html.
Chapter 20: Synthetic organic chemicals
Extoxnet, Pesticide Information Profiles (PIPS)
Resource Futures International, Persistent Organic Pollutants and the Stockholm Convention:
A Resource Guide, the World Bank and CIDA
Chapter 21: The future Earth
Anastas, P. and T.C. Williamson, Green chemistry, Oxford University Press, Oxford; 1998. The following web page is an excellent beginning point for searching and linking to many sites related to green chemistry: www.epa.gov/greenchemistry/pubs/basic_info.html.
Further detailed information about this green chemistry approach to producing ibuprofen can be found at www.rsc.org/Education/Teachers/Resources/green/ibuprofen/home.htm [accessed Sept 2010].