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vanLoon & Duffy: Environmental Chemistry 3e

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Chapter 1: Environmental chemistry

Chemistry Department, Environmental Chemistry CH390, Oregon State University
http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/ch390/
Foust, R. Environmental Chemistry, Northern Arizona University
http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~doetqp-p/courses/env440/env440_2/

Chapter 3: Stratospheric chemistry - ozone

Information on ozone monitoring

Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (CMDL) 325 Broadway Boulder, CO 80305:
www.cmdl.noaa.gov/ozwv/dobson/

WHO Ozone Mapping Centre:
lap.physics.auth.gr/ozonemaps/

NASA:
aura.gsfc.nasa.gov/instruments/omi.html

NASA, Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Branch:
geo.arc.nasa.gov/sgg.html

Space-based measurements of ozone and air quality
http://ozoneaq.gsfc.nasa.gov/

Suggested keywords for internet search: stratospheric ozone, ozone hole, TOMS

Problems - Q17: Using the figures provided, comment on the "ozone hole".
These images were obtained from the NOAA Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado from their web site:
www.cmdl.noaa.gov/

United Nations Environment Programme, Ozone Secretariat
http://ozone.unep.org/

Chapter 4: Tropospheric chemistry - smog

Environment Canada, Clean air on line
www.ec.gc.ca/Air/default.asp?lang=En&n=14F71451-1?WT.mc_id=air

Chapter 5: Tropospheric chemistry - precipitation

Lani, B.W., T.J. Feeley III, J. Murphy, L. Green, A review of DOE / NETL’s advanced NOx control technology R&D program for coal-fi red power plants
www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/coalpower/ewr/nox/index.html

Maps showing trends in concentration and deposition of S and N in the United States: National atmospheric deposition project
http://nadp.sws.uiuc.edu/data/animaps.aspx

World Resources Institute––EarthTrends Environmental Information, searchable database for information on emissions of acidifying gases and many other environmental topics
http://earthtrends.wri.org/

Chapter 6: Atmospheric aerosols

Space-based measurements of ozone and air quality
http://ozoneaq.gsfc.nasa.gov/

Chapter 7: Chemistry of urban and indoor atmospheres

Air Now, International Air Quality.
www.airnow.gov
Click on ‘international’ at the bottom of the home page. This takes you to a listing of many national websites where air quality information is available; some countries report data as ongoing real-time information as well as archiving previous data.

World Health Organization, Air quality guidelines—global update, 2005, and Air quality guidelines for Europe 2nd Edn 2000. Both available online from www.euro.who.int

Table 7.3 - Data were obtained from the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency who follow the US EPA established method for air quality determination:
http://aqi.pca.state.mn.us/hourly/

Chapter 8: The chemistry of global climate

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Centre (CDIAC) under US Department of Environemnt, publishes trace gas concentrations from a number of specifi c sites around the world
http://cdiac.ornl.gov/

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Assessment Reports,
www.ipcc.ch

Table 8.3 - The contribution to greenhouse warming is usually referred to as increased radiative forcing; this describes the average per square metre additional energy made available to the Earth associated with the increase in concentration of each gas. Most of these and other values given in the present chapter are taken from an article by Blasing, T.J. and S. Jones, posted on the web site of http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/pns/current_ghg.html and containing data that were updated in November 2003. The values are from various sources, all referenced in the article, and usually refer to mixing ratios for 2002 or 2003.

Table 8.4 - GWP values are obtained by integration over a 100 y period. Obtained from Blasing, T.J. and S. Jones, Current greenhouse gas concentrations http://ediac.esd.ornl.gov/pns/current_ghg.html (February 2004). These values relate to direct effects; interactions of CFCs with ozone in the lower stratsophere may reduce the amount of radiation into the lower atmosphere, contributing to a cooling effect. The GWP values would be correspondingly reduced.

Chapter 9: The hydrosphere

United Nations Environment Program, The Global Environment Monitoring System Water Program. Water quality for ecosystem and human health, 2006
www.gemswater.org/digital_atlas/digital_atlas.pdf

United Nations Environment Program, Global Environment Outlook Report 4, GEO4, Chapter 4
www.unep.org/geo/geo4/report/04_Water.pdf

United Nations Environment Program, Vital water graphics—an overview of the state of the world’s fresh and marine waters
www.grida.no/publications/vg/water2/

The World Water Council deals with a broad range of water issues, with emphasis on political, social and environmental goals in the Millennium Development Goals context, World water vision, Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, UK, 2000.
A number of downloadable publications regarding water issues are found at:
www.worldwatercouncil.org/index.php?id=32

Chapter 11: Gases in water

Example 11.3 TCE vapour pressure in a subsurface soil: TCE is the major groundwater contaminant in sites around the United States. For a description of the Superfund Program for clean-up of these sites see www.epa.gov/superfund/

Chapter 12: Organic matter in water

The International Humic Substances Society
http://www.ihss.gatech.edu/news.html
http://www.ihss.gatech.edu/documents/HumicLitReview2006.pdf

Chapter 14: Environmental chemistry of colloids and surfaces

A very comprehensive searchable compendium of log KOW values is available from the Canadian National Committee for CODATA (CNC?CODATA) at
http://logkow.cisti.nrc.ca/logkow/

Chapter 16: Water pollution and waste-water treatment chemistry

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, Wastewater treatment technologies—a general review.
www.escwa.un.org/information/pubdetails.asp

Veolia Environment, A site visit of the Hague wastewater treatment plant
www.wastewater-treatment-hague.veoliaenvironnement.com

Chapter 18: Soil properties

Palm, C., P. Sanchez, S. Ahamed and A. Awiti Annu, Soils: A contemporary perspective, The Annual Review of Environment and Resources 32:99–129, (2007). Available online at
http://environ.annualreviews.org

Chapter 19: The chemistry of solid wastes

Table 19.4 Carbon to nitrogen ratios in organic waste materials. Data obtained from Cornell Cooperative Extension, T. Richard: http://compost.css.cornell.edu/Factsheets/FS2.html.

Chapter 20: Synthetic organic chemicals

Extoxnet, Pesticide Information Profiles (PIPS)
http://extoxnet.orst.edu/pips/ghindex.html

Resource Futures International, Persistent Organic Pollutants and the Stockholm Convention: A Resource Guide, the World Bank and CIDA
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPOPS/214574-1115813449181/20486510/PersistentOrganicPollutantsAResourceGuide2001.pdf

Chapter 21: The future Earth

Anastas, P. and T.C. Williamson, Green chemistry, Oxford University Press, Oxford; 1998. The following web page is an excellent beginning point for searching and linking to many sites related to green chemistry: www.epa.gov/greenchemistry/pubs/basic_info.html.

Further detailed information about this green chemistry approach to producing ibuprofen can be found at www.rsc.org/Education/Teachers/Resources/green/ibuprofen/home.htm [accessed Sept 2010].