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Companion Website

Philosophy

Web Links

Here is a list of recommended web links, arranged alphabetically by the relevant dictionary entries.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N P R S T U V W Z

A  Top

abortion
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/abortion/
An archive of related religious, medical, and legal debates
http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/abortion/
A UN review of abortion policies around the world

Academy of Athens
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Plato.html
A brief history of the Academy
http://www.academyofathens.gr/
An introduction to the Academy and its site

Academy of Florence
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06067b.htm
A biography of Marsilio Ficino, including his role in the Academy

acts/omissions doctrine
http://www.ethox.org.uk/education/undergraduate-course/ethic...
Notes on the doctrine and related ethical issues, with a bibliography

aesthetics
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/what-art-0
A list of internet resources on aesthetics, including bibliographies
http://www.philosophytalk.org/pastShows/Art.html
An audio discussion with three philosophers about the nature of art

Albert the Great
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01264a.htm
A biography of Albertus Magnus

Allais paradox
http://www.sfb504.uni-mannheim.de/glossary/allais.htm
An account of the paradox's theoretical context, with links to related issues
http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2010/10/the-allais-paradox/
A bibliography of scholarly articles on the paradox and related issues

altruism
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01369a.htm
An account of Comte's concept and its influence
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/inourtime_2006...
An audio debate on altruism between two philosophers and a biologist

animal rights
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/animals/
A list of internet resources on animal rights
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/ethics/animals/
A survey of related religious, medical, and legal debates

Anselm, St
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01546a.htm
A biography of Anselm
http://www.epistemelinks.com/Main/Philosophers.aspx?PhilCode...
A list of internet resources on Anselm. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable replacement.

anthropic principle
http://www.anthropic-principle.com/
A list of internet resources on the anthropic principle, including a bibliography. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/rossuk/c-anthro.htm
A discussion of the anthropic principle, with links to related material. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.

Aquinas, St Thomas
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14663b.htm
A biography of Aquinas
http://www.aquinasonline.com/Bibliography/
Bibliographies of writings by or on Aquinas

Arendt, Hannah
http://www.bard.edu/arendtcollection/
Arendt's personal library at Bard College, with links to other Arendt sites, collections, and events

Aristotle
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01713a.htm
A biography of Aristotle, including his influence on science and philosophy
http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/aris.htm
Essays on the principal topics in Aristotle with select bibliography and online sources

artificial intelligence
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/inourtime_2005...
An audio discussion of AI by two scientists and a philosopher
http://www.aaai.org/Library/library.php
A dynamic library of internet resources on AI

a-series of time
http://librivox.org/unreality_of_time/
McTaggart's 'The Unreality of Time'
http://people.stfx.ca/wsweet/mctaggart.html
A list of internet resources on McTaggart's philosophy, including a bibliography

atheism
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/existence-god
A list of internet resources on atheism
http://www.philosophytalk.org/pastShows/ExistenceofGod.htm
An audio discussion of the arguments for and against God's existence

atomism
http://www.ellopos.net/elpenor/greek-texts/ancient-greece/hi...
An introduction to ancient Greek atomism
http://faculty.washington.edu/smcohen/320/atomism.htm
A summary of the debates over Democritus's atomism

Augustine of Hippo, St
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02084a.htm
A biography of Augustine
http://www9.georgetown.edu/faculty/jod/augustine/
A list of internet resources on Augustine's philosophy

B  Top

Bacon, Francis
http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/bacon/
Summaries of Bacon's life and works, with links to other sites
http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/b#a296
An archive of Bacon's writings

Bayesianism
http://yudkowsky.net/bayes/bayes.html
An introduction to Bayesianism and its applications, with a bibliography
http://www.dmoz.org/Science/Math/Statistics/Bayesian_Analysis/
A list of internet resources on Bayesian statistics

Bayle, Pierre
http://www.lett.unipmn.it/~mori/bayle/
A list of internet resources on Bayle, including bibliographies

Bentham, Jeremy
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/Bentham-Project/info/project.htm
Website of the Bentham Project at University College London, with a biography, bibliographies, and images of Bentham - This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/bentham.html
Biography of Bentham with a list of on- and offline resources

Berkeley, George
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/george-berkeley
An audio discussion of Berkeley by three philosophers
http://georgeberkeley.tamu.edu/links.html
A list of internet resources on Berkeley, including bibliographies

bioethics
http://ethics.sandiego.edu/Applied/Bioethics/index.asp
A list of internet resources on bioethics.
http://www.ethox.org.uk/education/undergraduate-course
An archive of writings on medical ethics

Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02610b.htm
A biography of Boethius
http://www9.georgetown.edu/faculty/jod/boethius.html
A list of internet resources on Boethius, including a bibliography

Boltzmann, Ludwig
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Boltzman...
A biography of Boltzmann, with a bibliography
http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/biography/Boltzmann.html
A summary of Boltzmann's scientific contributions, with links to related issues

Boolean algebra
http://vmoc.museophile.org/algebra/section3_4.html
An historical introduction to Boolean algebra. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://www.allaboutcircuits.com/vol_4/chpt_7/index.html
An online tutorial on Boolean algebra

C  Top

Carlyle, Thomas
http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/carlyle/carlyle4.html
A biography of Carlyle
http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/carlyle/index.html
A list of internet resources on Carlyle

causation
http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/view/subjects/causation.html
A bibliography of online philosophical papers on causation

Chinese Classics
http://www.sacred-texts.com/cfu/
Downloadable texts and translations of the Confucian classics
http://www.ibiblio.org/chinesehistory/contents/02cul/c04s04....
Discussion of the core doctrines of Confucianism as expounded in the Chinese Classics

Cicero, Marcus Tullius
http://classics.mit.edu/Plutarch/cicero.html
Plutarch's biography of Cicero (translated by Dryden)
http://www.utexas.edu/depts/classics/documents/Cic.html
A list of internet resources on Cicero, including a bibliography

civil disobedience
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/writing/civ-dis.htm
A summary of the moral arguments for and against civil disobedience
http://thoreau.eserver.org/civil.html
Thoreau's classic 'Civil Disobedience', annotated and with links to other internet resources

Clifford, William Kingdon
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Clifford...
A biography of Clifford, including his contributions to science, mathematics, and philosophy
http://www.des.emory.edu/mfp/james.html#will
James's 'The Will to Believe', with commentaries on their debate

commons, tragedy of
http://www.sciencemag.org/sciext/sotp/commons.dtl#essay
Hardin's 'The Tragedy of the Commons', with updates and responses
http://www.garretthardinsociety.org/info/links.html
A list of internet resources on Hardin's work

Comte, Auguste
http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/lecture25a.html
A brief biography of Comte
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/comte/
A list of internet resources on Comte, including a bibliography

Confucianism
http://www.confucianstudies.com/
A list of internet resources on Confucianism, including bibliographies. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/confucius
An audio discussion of Confucianism by three philosophers

consciousness
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/consciousness-0
An audio discussion of consciousness by three philosophers
http://consc.net/resources.html
A list of internet resources on consciousness

Copenhagen interpretation
http://www.ostp.gov/pdf/Copenhagentalk.pdf
An introduction to the Copenhagen interpretation. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://www.aip.org/history/heisenberg/p09.htm
An online exhibition on the history of the Copenhagen interpretation

D  Top

Dante Alighieri
http://dante.ilt.columbia.edu/
A list of internet resources on Dante, including bibliographies
http://etcweb.princeton.edu/dante/index.html
A multimedia archive on Dante's Divina commedia

Darwin, Charles Robert
http://darwin-online.org.uk/
An archive of Darwin's complete works, with a biography

Davidson, Donald Herbert
http://ruccs.rutgers.edu/faculty/lepore/Davidson_interview.pdf
An interview with Davidson about his life and works
http://philosophy.stanford.edu/apps/stanfordphilosophy/files...
Q & A between Davidson and some eminent philosophers

Descartes, René
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04744b.htm
A biography of Descartes, including his influence on science and philosophy
http://www.phillwebb.net/History/Modern/Descartes/Descartes.htm
A list of internet resources on Descartes, including bibliographies

Dewey, John
http://www.siuc.edu/~deweyctr/about_links.html
A list of internet resources on Dewey. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://dewey.pragmatism.org/
Bibliographies of writings by or on Dewey

Dilthey, Wilhelm
http://www.mythosandlogos.com/Dilthey.html
A list of internet resources on Dilthey
http://www.phillwebb.net/history/Nineteenth/Dilthey/Dilthey.htm
Bibliographies of writings by or on Dilthey

Dodgson, Charles Lutwidge
http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/Dodg...
A biography of Dodgson, including his contributions to mathematics and logic
http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/carroll/index.html
A list of internet resources on Dodgson

Durkheim, émile
http://www.emiledurkheim.com/emile_durkheim_resources.htm
A list of internet resources on Durkheim
http://www.sociosite.net/topics/sociologists.php#durkheim
Translations of Durkheim's writings

E  Top

Einstein, Albert
http://www.aip.org/history/einstein/
An online exhibit on Einstein, with links to other resources
http://www.alberteinstein.info/
An archive of Einstein's writings

Encyclopédie
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05418a.htm
An article on the Encyclopédie and its influence
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/inourtime_2006...
An audio discussion of the Encyclopédie by three experts

Engels, Friedrich
http://www.phillwebb.net/history/Twentieth/Continental/Marxi...
A list of internet resources on Engels, including bibliographies
http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/index.htm
Translations of Engels's writings

Enlightenment
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/modsbook10.html
A list of internet resources on the Enlightenment, including classic writings
http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/course/view.php?name=A207_1
A history of the Enlightenment

Epictetus
http://www.phillwebb.net/History/Ancient/Epictetus/Epictetus...
Bibliographies of writings by or on Epictetus
http://www.epistemelinks.com/Main/Philosophers.aspx?PhilCode...
A list of internet resources on Epictetus

Epicurus
http://www.epicurus.net/en/history.html
A biography of Epicurus
http://www.epicurus.info/etexts.html
An archive of writings by or on Epicurus

euthanasia, active/passive
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/
A survey of related religious, medical, and legal debates
http://ethics.sandiego.edu/video/Catalogue/EndOfLife.asp
Video lectures on euthanasia and related issues. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.

evolutionary psychology
http://www.psych.ucsb.edu/research/cep/primer.html
Two pioneers of evolutionary psychology explain its basic principles
http://theorylab.org/
A list of resources on evolutionary psychology and related fields

F  Top

Feuerbach, Ludwig Andreas
http://www.phillwebb.net/history/Nineteenth/Feuerbach/Feuerb...
A list of resources on Feuerbach, including bibliographies
http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/feuerbach/index.htm
Translations of Feuerbach's writings

Fichte, Johann Gottlieb
http://digilib.bu.edu/nafs/
A list of internet resources on Fichte
http://www.class.uidaho.edu/mickelsen/Fichte.htm
Translations of Fichte's writings - This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.

Five Ways, the
http://www.aquinasonline.com/Topics/5ways.html
A list of internet resources on the Five Ways
http://www.newadvent.org/summa/1002.htm
Translated extracts on the Five Ways from the Summa Theologiae

Foucault, Michel
http://foucault.info/foucault/biography.html
Foucault explains his philosophical aims and methods
http://www.michel-foucault.com/
A list of internet resources on Foucault, including a bibliography

G  Top

Galileo Galilei
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/galileo/
A multimedia introduction to Galileo's life and works
http://galileo.rice.edu/galileo.html
An archive of articles on Galileo, with a bibliography

game theory
http://www.univie.ac.at/virtuallabs/
An online tutorial on game theory and its applications
http://www.gametheory.net/
A list of internet resources on game theory

Gassendi, Pierre
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06391b.htm
An introduction to Gassendi, including his philosophy
http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/rhatch/pages/11-ResearchProjec...
A chronology of Gassendi's life and works

Gödel's theorem(s)
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=what-is-god...
An introduction to Gödel's theorems
http://cscs.umich.edu/~crshalizi/notebooks/godels-theorem.html
A sceptical view on the uses of Gödel's theorems, with links to other resources

H  Top

Hare, Richard Mervyn
http://www.humanities/philosophy/viewpoint/rm-hare/
A brief interview with Hare on his career in philosophy. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich
http://www.gwfhegel.org/hegelbio.html
An illustrated biography of Hegel
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/hegel-0
An audio discussion of Hegel by three philosophers

Heisenberg uncertainty principle
http://www.aip.org/history/heisenberg/p08.htm
An online exhibit on the principle's history, with a bibliography
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/strange-world-quantum-reality
An audio discussion of quantum indeterminacy by three philosophers

Hobbes, Thomas
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/inourtime_2005...
An audio discussion of Hobbes's political philosophy by three historians
http://www.phillwebb.net/History/Modern/Hobbes/Hobbes.htm
A list of internet resources on Hobbes, including bibliographies

Hume, David
http://www.epistemelinks.com/Main/Philosophers.aspx?PhilCode...
A list of internet resources on Hume. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://www.phillwebb.net/History/Modern/Hume/Hume.htm
Bibliographies of writings by or on Hume

I  Top

I ching
http://www.iging.com/intro/foreword.htm
An introduction to the I ching (by C. G. Jung)
http://members.iinet.net.au/~saandss/chinesephilosophy/zajia...
A list of internet resources on the I ching

J  Top

James, William
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6477241
An audio discussion with James's biographer
http://www.uky.edu/~eushe2/Pajares/james.html
A chronology of James's life and works, with bibliographies and extracts from his writings

just war
http://ethics.sandiego.edu/video/catalogue/warpeace.asp
Video lectures on just war theory. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/war/
A survey of related philosophical, religious, and legal debates

K  Top

Kant, Immanuel
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/kant
An audio discussion of Kant by two philosophers and a historian
http://ethics.sandiego.edu/theories/Kant/index.asp
A list of internet resources on Kantian ethics

Kierkegaard, Søren Aabye
http://www.stolaf.edu/collections/kierkegaard/about/kierkega...
A biography of Kierkegaard
http://sorenkierkegaard.org/kierkegaard-commentary.html
A commentary on Kierkegaard's writings, with a bibliography

L  Top

law, philosophy of
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/philosophy-and-law-0
An audio discussion about philosophy and the law
http://lsolum.typepad.com/legal_theory_resources/
A list of resources on the philosophy of law, including bibliographies

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm
http://www.gwleibniz.com/
A list of internet resources on Leibniz, including his writings
http://www.phillwebb.net/History/Modern/Leibniz/Leibniz.htm
Bibliographies of writings by or on Leibniz

Locke, John
http://www.epistemelinks.com/Main/Philosophers.aspx?PhilCode...
A list of internet resources on Locke. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://www.libraries.psu.edu/tas/locke/index.html
A bibliography of writings by or on Locke

logic
http://www.nyu.edu/classes/velleman/blogic/Logic/
An online logic tutorial, with interactive exercises
http://www.dmoz.org/Society/Philosophy/Philosophy_of_Logic/
A list of internet resources on the philosophy of logic

M  Top

Mach, Ernst
http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/mach/mach.html
An essay on Mach's philosophy
http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1908/mec/
A translation of Lenin's critique

Malebranche, Nicolas
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Malebran...
A biography of Malebranche
http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/malbranc...
A brief tutorial on Malebranche's philosophy

Marx, Karl
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/inourtime_2005...
An audio discussion of Marxist philosophy by three experts
http://marxists.org/archive/marx/index.htm
An archive of writings by and on Marx

Mill, John Stuart
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/inourtime_2006...
An audio discussion of Mill by three experts
http://www.phillwebb.net/history/Nineteenth/Mill,JS/Mill.htm
Bibliographies of writings by or on Mill

Molyneux's problem
http://www.abc.net.au/rn/philosopherszone/stories/2007/18824...
Transcript of a radio discussion about Molyneux's problem
http://consc.net/mindpapers/3.4d
A list of philosophical articles on Molyneux's problem

Montaigne, Michel Eyquem de
http://www.egs.edu/library/michel-de-montaigne/biography/
Digital facsimiles and a list of internet resources on Montaigne's Essais
http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/montaign...
Montaigne timeline with a searchable translation of the Essais

N  Top

Naturphilosophie
http://www.csudh.edu/phenom_studies/europ19/lect_3.html
A lecture on Schelling's view of Naturphilosophie
http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/depts/philosophy/awaymave/408new/...
An essay on Hegel's and Schelling's philosophy of nature

necessity
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/philosophy/LPSG/L&M.htm#Necessity
A bibliography of philosophical writings on necessity

neuroscience
http://www.sfn.org/index.cfm?pagename=aboutNeuroscience
A list of internet resources on neuroscience. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/philosophy-and-neuroscience
An audio discussion about the philosophy of neuroscience

New England transcendentalism
http://www.transcendentalists.com/transcendentalism.htm
A list of internet resources on New England transcendentalism, including bibliographies

Newton, Isaac
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Newton.html
A biography of Newton, with links to other websites
http://www.newtonproject.sussex.ac.uk/prism.php?id=1
Electronic archive of Newton's works (ongoing), together with a list of internet resources on Newton

Nietzsche, Friedrich
http://www.dartmouth.edu/~fnchron/index.html
A chronology of Nietzsche's life and works
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/nietzsche
An audio discussion of Nietzsche by three philosophers

P  Top

Paine, Thomas
http://www.thomaspainesociety.org/links.html
A list of internet resources on Paine
http://www.ushistory.org/paine/
A brief biography, with texts of Paine's works

Pascal, Blaise
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Pascal.html
A brief biography of Pascal, with links to other websites
http://www.religioustolerance.org/pascal_w.htm
Discussion of Pascal's wager, with links to other websites

Peirce, Charles Sanders
http://www.iupui.edu/~peirce/index.htm
Texts of Peirce's writings (ongoing), with a biography and chronology
http://www.cspeirce.com/
A list of internet resources on Peirce

physics, philosophy of
http://www.trentu.ca/academic/physics/history_895.html
An introduction to the history and philosophy of physics - This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://web.mit.edu/afs/athena.mit.edu/user/r/e/redingtn/www/...
A list of online resources on the history of physics

Plato
http://www.ellopos.net/elpenor/greek-texts/ancient-greece/pl...
A collection of online resources on Plato, including a biography (by W. K. C. Guthrie)
http://php.iupui.edu/~cplaneau/plato_01ie.html
Articles on Plato's life and works - This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.

Poincaré, Jules Henri
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Poincare...
A biography of Poincaré
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/inourtime_2006...
An audio discussion of Poincaré's work by three experts

Popper, Karl
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/inourtime_2007...
An audio discussion of Popper by three philosophers
http://www.eeng.dcu.ie/~tkpw/index.html
An internet forum on Popper's work

postmodernism
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/postmodernism-0
An audio discussion of postmodernism by three philosophers
http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~mryder/itc_data/postmodern.html
A list of internet resources on postmodern thinkers - This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.

pragmatism
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/american-pragmatism
An audio discussion of pragmatism by three American philosophers
http://www.phillwebb.net/history/Twentieth/Pragmatism/Pragma...
A bibliography on pragmatism, with links for individual thinkers

Presocratics
http://www.ellopos.net/elpenor/greek-texts/ancient-greece/hi...
Introductory essays on the major Presocratics
http://www.phillwebb.net/history/ancient/Ancient.htm
A bibliography on the Presocratics, with links for individual thinkers

prisoners' dilemma
http://www.univie.ac.at/virtuallabs/Introduction/pd.html
An online tutorial on the prisoners' dilemma
http://www.gametheory.net/applets/prisoners.html
Simulations of the prisoners' dilemma

Pufendorf, Samuel von
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pufendorf-moral/
A list of internet resources on Pufendorf
http://www.class.uidaho.edu/mickelsen/Pufendorf.htm
Translations of Pufendorf's writings - This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.

R  Top

Rawls, John
http://chronicle.com/free/v47/i45/45b00701.htm
An introduction to Rawls's philosophy (by Martha Nussbaum). This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://ethics.sandiego.edu/video/Catalogue/detail.asp?ID_Vid...
A video lecture comparing Rawls's and Plato's views about justice - This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.

Reid, Thomas
http://www.phillwebb.net/History/Modern/Reid/Reid.htm
A list of internet resources on Reid
http://www.abdn.ac.uk/diss/historic/Thomas_Reid/index.hti
A searchable archive of Reid material held at the University of Aberdeen

rhetoric
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/inourtime_2004...
An audio discussion of rhetoric by three experts
http://rhetoric.eserver.org/
A list of internet resources on rhetoric, including bibliographies and texts

rights
http://scottishlaw.org.uk/lawscotland/hrights.html
A list of internet resources on human rights law, with links to related sites
http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/index.html
An archive of human rights documents and materials

Romanticism
http://berlin.wolf.ox.ac.uk/lists/broadcasts/roots32.mp3
An audio lecture by Isaiah Berlin on 'The Roots of Romanticism'
http://www.phillwebb.net/history/Nineteenth/19LitRomantic.htm
A list of internet resources on Romanticism, including a bibliography

Rorty, Richard McKay
http://www.phillwebb.net/history/Twentieth/Pragmatism/Rorty/...
A list of on- and offline resources on Rorty, including bibliographies and texts

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques
http://www.phillwebb.net/History/Modern/Rousseau/ROUSSEAU.htm
A list of on- and offline resources on Rousseau, including bibliographies
http://www.rousseauassociation.org/aboutRousseau/works.htm
Translations of Rousseau's writings

Russell, Bertrand Arthur William
http://russell.sveinbjorn.org/
An archive of audio and video recordings of Russell - This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://www.phillwebb.net/history/Twentieth/Analytic/Russell/...
Bibliographies of writings by or on Russell

S  Top

Sartre, Jean-Paul
http://wiredforbooks.org/anniecohensalal/
An audio discussion with Sartre's biographer
http://www.sartre.org/
A list of internet resources on Sartre, including his writings

Schopenhauer, Arthur
http://www.phillwebb.net/History/Nineteenth/Schopenhauer/Sch...
A list of internet resources on Schopenhauer, including bibliographies
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/schopenhauer
An audio discussion between a philosopher and a psychiatrist on Schopenhauer's pessimism

Sidgwick, Henry
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/sidgwick/
A brief biography and list of internet resources on Sidgwick
http://www.nlx.com/collections/111
A complete bibliography of Sidgwick's writings

Smith, Adam
http://www.adamsmith.org/adam-smith
A list of internet resources on Smith
http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_staticxt&sta...
An archive of Smith's writings

social contract
http://www.open2.net/trust/society/soc_contract/soc_contract...
An introduction to the social contract, with links to related issues
http://www.econlib.org/library/LFBooks/Hume/hmMPL35.html
Hume's critique in 'Of the Original Contract'

Spinoza, Benedictus de
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/inourtime_2007...
An audio debate about Spinoza by three experts
http://bdsweb.tripod.com/en/index.htm
A list of internet resources on Spinoza, including his writings

Stoicism
http://www.philosophytalk.org/pastShows/Stoicism.html
An audio discussion of Stoicism by three American philosophers
http://www.wku.edu/~jan.garrett/stoa/
A list of internet resources on Stoicism, including classic works

Sufism
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/subdivisions/s...
An outline of the history and practice of Sufism
http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/sufis...
An annotated bibliography on Sufism

T  Top

Taoism
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/taoism/
An archive of philosophical and religious articles on Taoism
http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Philosophy/Taichi/taoism.html
An account of the history and practice of Taoism, with bibliography and links to relevant websites

Turing machine
http://www.turing.org.uk/philosophy/ex2.html
An introduction by Turing's biographer

Turing test
http://aitopics.net/TuringTest
A list of internet resources on the Turing test

U  Top

Upanishads
http://www.dvaita.org/shaastra/upanishad.html
An introduction to the Upanishads and their interpretation. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/upan/index.htm
An annotated translation of the Upanishads

utilitarianism
http://www.utilitarianism.com
A list of internet resources on utilitarianism, including links to topical websites
http://ethics.sandiego.edu/theories/Utilitarianism/index.asp
A list of internet resources on utilitarianism, including video presentations and classic writings

V  Top

Vedanta
http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/ANCINDIA/VEDANTIC.HTM
An introduction to the origins of the Vedanta. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.
http://vedanta.org/
An overview of the Vedanta with links to other sites

Voltaire
http://www.positiveatheism.org/tochvolt.htm
An archive of biographies of Voltaire
http://efts.lib.uchicago.edu/efts/VOLTAIRE/index.html
A searchable electronic archive of writings by or on Voltaire - This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.

W  Top

Weber, Max
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/weber/
A biography of Weber, with links to other resources
http://www.sociosite.net/topics/weber.php
A list of internet resources on Weber, including his writings

Wittgenstein, Ludwig
http://www.wittgen-cam.ac.uk/cgi-bin/forms/home.cgi
An online archive of material on Wittgenstein, including an illustrated biography
http://philosophytalk.org/shows/wittgenstein
An audio discussion of Wittgenstein by three American philosophers

Wollstonecraft, Mary
http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/woll.htm
A brief biography of Wollstonecraft, with a bibliography
http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/w#a84
An archive of Wollstonecraft's writings

Z  Top

Zeno of Elea
http://www.ellopos.net/elpenor/greek-texts/ancient-greece/hi...
An introduction to Zeno's philosophy
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Zeno_of_...
A biography of Zeno, with links to other internet resources

Zoroastrianism
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/zoroastrian/
An outline of the main features of Zoroastrianism
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/inourtime_2004...
An audio discussion on Zoroastrianism by three experts

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